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Sir William Constable’s Regiment of Horse

Flag Illustration1)
Active1644 to 1645
CountryEngland
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelSir William Constable
Area RaisedYorkshire
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesFairfax 1644

Parliamentarian regiment of horse very active in Yorkshire in the first half of 1644

Service History

1644

  • Garrison of Hull
  • February to July: Siege of Scarborough
  • February: Skirmish at Kilham
  • February: Taking of Bridlington
  • February: Skirmish at Driffield
  • February: Storm of Whitby
  • February: Skirmish at Stamford Bridge
  • April: Storm of Selby
  • July: Battle of Marston Moor

1645

  • February to May: served under Brereton in Cheshire and Wales
  • March to April: Siege of High Ercall?
  • May to June: Siege of Sandal Castle.
  • June: Regiment assigned to the command of Colonel Christopher Copley

Notes

Flags and Equipment

Constable's cornet was blue with a cloud and anchor and the motto SOIES FERME (Illustration 1).

Notable Officers

Sir William Constable

Sir William Constable was MP for Knaresborough and brother-in-law of Lord Fairfax. In 1645 he resigned his commission due to the Self-Denying Ordinance.

Officer List

  • Major William Goodrick (Led regiment in Cheshire)
  • Captain Simon Askwith (18/02/45 - 24/06/45 Served previously under Sir Thomas Fairfax and after under Colonel Christopher Copley. There seems to be some confusion over the date of the transfer to Constables' regiment. The troop appears to have been with Constable by 18/02/45 when it was mustered at Keighley, presumably on the way to Cheshire. However Askwith's full pay claim2) dates it from 10/04/45, while a separate account gives him as in Fairfax's regt until the transfer to Copley.3) )
  • Captain Francis Swaine (22/05/44-24/06/45. On 24th July 1644 the troop comprised 7 officers and 41 troopers.)4)
  • Captain Robert Sharpe (in Cheshire)
  • Captain? Mathew Pearson (in Cheshire)
  • Captain? [ ] Caunday (in Cheshire)
  • Captain? William Nash (in Cheshire)

Strength

  • Estimated 300 at Kilham and Driffield

See Also

1) Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine
2) N.A. SP28/267/Pt1/21
3) N.A. SP28/267/Pt1/13
4) N.A. SP28/257/uf