Sir Thomas Myddleton’s Regiment of Horse

Flag Illustration1)
Active 1643 to 1646
CountryEngland
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelSir Thomas Myddleton
Area Raised
Flag ColourGreen
Flag Design
Field ArmiesBrereton 1643
Denbigh 1644

Parliamentarian regiment of horse serving in the Midlands, Shropshire and North Wales

Service History

1643

  • October: Battle of Wem and Leigh Bridge
  • October: Taking of Broughton Old Hall
  • November: Storm of Holt Bridge

1644

  • May: Siege of Rushall Hall
  • June: Siege of Dudley Castle
  • June: Battle of Tipton Green
  • July: Storm of Oswestry
  • July: Skirmish at Oswestry
  • August: Skirmish at Welshpool
  • August: Skirmish at Tarvin
  • September: Skirmish at Newtown
  • September: Taking of Montgomery Castle
  • September: Skirmish at Montgomery
  • September: Battle of Montgomery
  • October: Storm of Powis Castle
  • October: Storm of Ruthin Town
  • October: Skirmish at Lampeter?
  • November: Skirmish at Machynlleth?
  • December: Storm of Abbey Cwm Hir
  • December: Repulsed from Chirk Castle?

1645

  • January: Skirmish at Christleton
  • March to September: Siege of Chester
  • March: Skirmish at Knockin?

1646

  • February: Taking of Chirk Castle?

Notes

As can be seen from the officer lists below this regiment went through a number of distinct stages. The original regiment took part in Brereton's and Myddleton's short lived invasion of Wales in late 1643 very few details of this phase seem to have survived. Myddleton then returned to London and raised what seems to have been virtually a new regiment. With this he campaigned with the Earl of Denbigh in the West Midlands and Welsh Marches. However on arrival at the Welsh border most of his English Captains seem to have departed being replaced by a mix of their Lieutenants and new Welsh Captains. By mid 1645 the regiment appears almost entirely Welsh.

It had probably been intended that Sir William Myddleton's troop would form the basis of his own regiment, but it never progressed beyond a single troop.

Coats and Flags

Myddleton's cornet, green with motto IN VERITATE TRIVMPHV is shown above (Illustration 1).

Myddleton paid for 4 probably green cornets date unknown (NA SP28/346/unfoliated) While Capt Ennis [given as Enys] also bought green taffette for his own cornet and trumpet banners in April 1644. (NA SP28/346/unfoliated). Samuel Kem at some point carried a blue cornet. (for design see Alan Young. “Emblematic Flag Devices of the English Civil Wars 1642-1660” (1995))

Notable Officers

Sir Thomas Myddleton

Officer List

1643

  • Col Sir Thomas Myddleton (commissioned 12/06/43)
  • Major Andrew Jackson (02/07/43-23/05/44)
  • Capt Freeman??
  • Capt Samual Ayres??

(These 2 Capts are known to have served under Myddleton but with no details and do not seem to fit anywhere else)

  • Capt Henry Stone?? (a number of later pay claims by troopers list service in Capt Stones troop under Sir Thomas Middleton. If he was originally commissioned in this regiment there is no evidence for him rejoining it when it returned to Staffordshire in 1644 and he continued to serve with an independent troop in Staffordshire throughout the war)

1644 English phase

  • Col Sir Thomas Myddleton
  • Lt Col James Till
  • Major Andrew Jackson (02/07/43-23/05/44) (leaves to serve in Shropshire)
  • Capt John Coysh (15/01/44-22/08/44)
  • Capt Christopher Ennis (19/01/44-03/06/44) (moves to Sir Samuel Luke's commnad)
  • Capt Simon Farmer (27/01/44-16/07/44) (leaves service)
  • Capt Samual Kem (18/04/44-20/08/44) (moves to Denbigh's command probably some time before the end date given)
  • Capt Thomas Noakes (20/01/44-16/07/44) (leaves service)
  • Capt Samuel Tomson (c05/44-05/45)
  • Col? Sir William Myddleton

1644 Welsh Phase

  • Col Sir Thomas Myddleton
  • Lt Col James Till
  • Major John Coysh (23/08/44-08/11/44)
  • Capt Lewis Prother (03/06/44-03/06/45) - (took over Ennis' troop of which he had been Lt)
  • Capt Luke Lloyd - (held rank of Capt as early as April 1644 but either took over or absorbed Kem's troop by Sept.)
  • Col? Sir William Myddleton
  • Capt Samuel Tomson (c05/44-05/45)
  • Capt [ ] Wynne
  • Capt [ ] Maynard [Swaynard]

1645

  • Major [ ] Elliot (probably Alexander formerly of Myddleton's Dragoons)
  • Capt Roger Sontly
  • Capt Robert Farrer (had been Capt-Lt to Myddleton) (06/01/45-20/03/46)
  • Capt Hercules Hannay (12/01/45-16/11/46)(formerly of Myddleton's Dragoons)
  • Capt [ ] Vinar [Pinar]
  • Capt Edward Thelwall
  • Capt Richard Price
  • Capt David Morris
  • Capt Gerald Barbour
  • Col? Sir William Myddleton
  • Capt Edward Price
  • Capt John Jones (raising troop in London October 1644)

Strength

12th July 1645: 308 rank and file

See Also

1) Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine