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Lord Willoughby of Parham’s Regiment of Horse

Flag Illustration 11)
Active1642 to 1644
CountryEngland
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelLord Willoughby
Area RaisedLincolnshire
Flag ColourVarious
Flag DesignSee below
Field ArmiesMeldrum 1644

Parliamentarian regiment from Lincolnshire fighting alongside Cromwell in 1643 but reduced after the Battle of Newark in 1644

Service History

1642

  • Raised in Lincolnshire
  • October: Skirmish at King’s Norton?
  • October: Battle of Edgehill, arrives too late to see action

1643

  • April: Battle of Ancaster Heath
  • July: Storm of Gainsborough
  • July: Battle of Gainsborough
  • July to August: Besieged in Gainsborough?
  • October: Siege of Bolingbroke Castle
  • October: Battle of Winceby
  • November: Taking of Mablethorpe Hall
  • December: Storm of Gainsborough

1644

  • 16th January: Skirmish at Nottingham
  • February to March: Siege of Newark
  • March: Storm of Muskham Bridge?
  • March: Battle of Cotes Bridge?
  • March: Battle of Newark

Notes

Flags & Equipment

Lord Willoughby's Cornet

Lord Willoughby's cornet was plain black with a foliated pattern in dark grey2). This cornet is shown above (Illustration 1).

However, according to Blount: The Lord Willoughby of Parham sem'd not to ayme at the King but his evil counsellours, when for his devise he depainted the sun enveloped with clouds, and the motto, NON SOLEM, SED NUBILOS3).

Captain Massingberg's Cornet

Captain Massingberg's cornet was blue with a blue and white fringe with a knight on a white horse, clouds in the top left bearing the motto DEVS and a scroll showing OCCULI NOSTRI DE FIXI SUNT INTE4).

Sir Christopher Wray's Cornet

Wray served as a gentleman volunteer in Earl of Essex’s Lifeguard Troop of Horse then likely served as a captain in Willoughby's regiment by January 1643. According to Blount: Sir Christopher Wray figured a Hand with drawn Sword, and the motto in English, THAT WAR IS IUST, WHICH IS NECESSARY5).

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment’s officers is shown in Laurence Spring’s Regiments of the Eastern Association6)

Lord Willoughby of Parham

Francis, Lord Willoughby of Parham was blamed for the Parliamentary defeat at Newark.

Officer Lists

In addition to the officers noted by Spring

  • Captain Hans George von Stroble (served as Lt to Capt Wray 22/04/43 - 18/08/43 then as a Capt 18/08/43 - 21/03/44 when he lost most of his troop in battle. Following this he transfered to Lord Fairfax’s Lifeguard of Horse.)7)
  • Captain Foster (Captain-Lieutenant as of 04/04/44)8)

Strength

  • February 1644: Reported to be 500 strong

See Also

1) Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine
2) , 4) , 6) The Regiments of the Eastern Association Vol. 2, Laurence Spring, Stuart Press 1998 ISBN 1 85804 119 8
3) , 5) The Art of making Devises 2nd Ed, Thomas Blount, London, 1655
7) N.A. SP28/33/411
8) N.A. SP28/300/136