Earl of Manchester’s Regiment of Horse

Flag Illustration1)
Active1643 to 1645
CountryEngland
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelEarl of Manchester
Area RaisedEast Anglia
Flag ColourVarious
Flag DesignSeveral known
Field ArmiesManchester 1643-5

Parliamentarian regiment of horse of the Eastern Association's Major General

Service History

1643

  • August: Raised
  • August to September: Siege of King’s Lynn
  • October to November: Siege of Bolingbroke Castle
  • October: Battle of Winceby

1644

  • May to July: Siege of York
  • 2nd July: Battle of Marston Moor - 11 troops
  • July: Siege of York
  • July to August: Siege of Sheffield Castle
  • August: Siege of Staveley House
  • August: Siege of Bolsover Castle
  • August: Siege of South Wingfield
  • October: Second Battle of Newbury
  • November: Standoff at Donnington

1645

Notes

Manchester's was a large regiment, consisting of 11 troops by Marston Moor, the regiment therefore had an additional Colonel, Sidney, a Lieutenant Colonel and a Major.

Flags & Equipment

As with Cromwell's Regiment, Manchester's appears to have used cornets with different field colours.

The Earl of Manchester's cornet was green with a green and yellow fringe and the motto TRUTH AND PEACE (Illustration 1)2).

Colonel Algernon Sidney's cornet was blue with a yellow motto SANCTVS AMOR PATRIAE DAT ANIMUS3)4).

Captain Robert Sparrow's cornet was red with a red and white fringe, a complex scroll with a sparrow and a rose and the motto SI LEGES RERUM5).

Captain William Dingley's cornet was red with a red and white fringe and depicted armoured men issuing from a gatehouse. A scroll carried the motto WE ARE RELEASED TO FIGHT FOR THE GOSPELS, LAWES & LIBERTY6).

Captain Thomas Hammond's cornet was blue with a blue and yellow fringe and featured a griffin or bird in yellow holding a scroll in its beak that read NESCIT VIRTVS STARF LOCO.

Captain Valentine Walton's cornet had a red field with a red and white fringe and a scroll reading GAVDET TERTAMINE VIRTVS7).However this cornet might instead belong to his son (also Valentine Walton) of Cromwell's Horse who was killed at Marston moor.

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment’s officers is shown in Laurence Spring’s Regiments of the Eastern Association8)

Earl of Manchester

Edward Montagu, Earl of Manchester, Major General of the Eastern Association from August 1643.

Colonel Algernon Sidney

Algernon Sidney was colonel of the Regiment, commanding them in the field as Manchester was busy with his duties as General. He was offered the colonelcy of the regiment in the New Model Army but declined due to the many wounds he suffered at Marston Moor.

Lieutenant-Colonel Nathaniel Rich

Nathaniel Rich was Lieutenant Colonel of Manchester's Horse, leading them into the New Model Army as Colonel Nathaniel Rich’s Regiment of Horse.

Officer List

In addition to the officers noted by Spring

  • Major John Turner (14/08/43 - 04/10/43 after which he served as a Reformado)9)

Strength

See Also

1) Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine
2) , 3) , 5) , 6) , 7) , 8) The Regiments of the Eastern Association Vol. 1, Laurence Spring, Stuart Press 1998 ISBN 1 85804 119 8
4) The Art of making Devises 2nd Ed, Thomas Blount, London, 1655
9) N.A. SP28/33/328