Colonel Michael Jones’ Regiment of Horse

Active1646 to 1653
CountryEngland
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Second Civil War?
Irish Confederate War
TypeHorse
ColonelMichael Jones
Theophilus Jones
Area RaisedCheshire
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesJones 1647-8
Cromwell 1649
Venables 1649

Later Colonel Theophilus Jones’ Regiment of Horse

Regiment of horse raised in Cheshire and serving in Ireland, where they won notable victories at Dungan's Hill and Rathmines

Service History

1646

  • Summer: Raised by Michael Jones in Cheshire
  • August to November: Siege of Conway Castle?

1647

  • June: Shipped to Dublin
  • August: Battle of Dungan’s Hill
  • August: Taking of Naas?
  • August: Taking of Maynooth?
  • October: Storm of Portlester?

1648

  • May: Muster at Dublin
  • June: Skirmish at Y Dalar Hir (1 troop)??

1649

  • June to August: Blockaded in Dublin
  • August: Battle of Rathmines
  • August: Repulsed from Drogheda?
  • 2nd - 11th September: Siege and Storm of Drogheda
  • September: Assigned to Venables’ brigade
  • September: Taking of Carlingford
  • September: Taking of Newry
  • September: Skirmish at Dromore
  • September: Taking of Lisburn
  • September: Taking of Belfast
  • November: Battle of Glascarrick (2 troops)
  • December: Michael Jones dies of a pestilent and contagious spotted fever at Dungarvan

1650

  • The regiment likely passes to Michael Jones’ brother Theophilus

1651

1652

1653

Notes

A history of the regiment is given in The Regimental History of Cromwell's Army by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940.

Michael Jones served as Lieutenant Colonel of Sir William Brereton’s Regiment of Horse in the First Civil War, often leading a detachment on independent missions. In 1645 Jones replaced Brereton as Colonel after the Self-Denying Ordinance, and by summer 1646 was trying to raise his own regiment in Cheshire for service in Ireland. He may have employed these troops in the reduction of the last North Welsh castles still in Royalist hands, such as Conway.

In 1647 Jones was chosen to lead the Parliamentarian forces in Ireland, negotiations with Ormond allowed him to lead his regiment to occupy Dublin. In the August Jones defeated the Irish Confederate general Thomas Preston at Dungan’s Hill. There is a mention of a troop of Jones’ involved in suppressing the North Wales rising of 1648.

By 1649 the political situation in Ireland had changed yet again and Ormond’s Royalists had allied with the Irish Confederacy to blockade Parliament’s forces under Jones in Dublin. Despite being heavily outnumbered Jones won a stunning victory at Rathmines, effectively scattering the opposing field armies prior to Cromwell’s arrival. Jones’ horse joined with Cromwell’s army for the storm of Drogheda then were attached to a brigade led by Venables which marched into Ulster capturing enemy garrisons along the way. Two troops of the regiment were distinguished in defeating Inchiquin and Taafe at the small battle of Glascarrick in the November.

Michael Jones himself had accompanied Cromwell into the South of Ireland, taking Fort Rosslare in the October and besieging Duncannon into the November. In December Jones caught what Cromwell described as a pestilent and contagious spotted fever, dying at Dungarvan on the 7th of December.

His regiment appears to have passed to his brother, Colonel Theophilus Jones, who had remained in Dublin as governor during the campaign. Theophilus had likely made a start at raising his own regiment in the July when he received two troops from England. Theophilus led the regiment in Ulster to reduce the last Irish strongholds, ending with the surrender of Clough Oughter Castle by Colonel Phillip Reilly in April 1653. The regiment were then disbanded in the August of 1653 and reduced into Lieutenant General Edmund Ludlow’s Regiment of Horse

Flags and Equipment

Notable Officers

Michael Jones

Michael Jones (d. 1649) had fought in the Irish Confederate Wars and returned to England in 1643. Initially he was Lieutenant Colonel of Sir William Brereton’s Regiment of Horse. He took over the regiment following Brereton stepping down after the Self Denying Ordnance. In March 1646 he was made Governor of Chester. Over the summer of 1646 he was trying to raise a regiment for service in Ireland but it's departure was delayed until 1647 when Jones was chosen to lead the parliamentarian expedition to Ireland. His victory over the combined Royalists and Confederates at Rathmines cleared the way for Cromwell’s Irish campaign. In December 1649 he died of a fever.

Theophilus Jones

Theophilus Jones was the brother of Michael Jones.

Strength

  • May 1648: 81 officers and 491 troopers in 8 troops

See Also