Colonel John Urry’s Regiment of Horse

Active1642-45
CountryEngland
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelJohn Urry
John Meldrum
Area RaisedSouth-East
Flag ColourPurple or Blue
Flag DesignSee below
Field ArmiesEssex 1642

Later Colonel John Meldrum's Regiment of Horse

Regiment of horse originally commanded by the Scottish professional soldier John Urry, who deserted to the Royalists in 1643

Service History

1642

  • August to September: Siege of Portsmouth
  • October: Battle of Edgehill, as a troop of Sir William Balfour’s Regiment of Horse
  • November: Battle of Brentford
  • November: Standoff at Turnham Green
  • December: Skirmish at Wantage
  • December: Storm of Winchester?

1643

  • Urry deserts to the Royalists and raises a regiment of horse in the Oxford Army
  • Regiment taken over by Col. John Meldrum
  • September: Battle of Aldbourne Chase
  • September: First Battle of Newbury

1643

  • March: Battle of Cheriton, Meldrum killed

Notes

Originally a single troop forming part of Wharton's regiment for the Irish expedition in 1642 1) they instead entered Essex's army as part of Sir William Balfour’s Regiment of Horse, Urry was commissioned to raise his own regiment after Edgehill. In the spring of 1643 he deserted to the Royalists and rasied a regiment of horse in the Oxford Army. The regiment was given to Col. John Meldrum who was later killed at Cheriton. Colonel John Meldrum should not be confused with Sir John Meldrum, who served mainly in the North.

Flags

Urry's cornet was purple, and according to Blount: Col. Urrey (afterwards Sir Jo. Urrey) a Scot, whilst he was on the Parliament side, made bold with the Thistle of Scotland for figure and the motto, NEMO ME IMPUNE LACESSIT2).

According to Prestwich; Lieutenant-colonel John Hurry, a Scott. Azure or deep blue the Thiftle of Scotland, as is ufually reprefented, leaved, &c, of gold flowered proper ; around which, in letters of gold NEMO ME IMPVNE LACESSIT ; fringe Argent and Azure3).

Notable Officers

John Urry

Also Hurry, Urrey or Hurrey, Sir John Hurry was a Scots professional soldier who had commanded a regiment of horse in the Earl of Essex’s army. Defecting to the Royalists in 1643, he raised a regiment of horse in the Oxford Army. After defeat by the Scottish and Parliamentary armies at Marston Moor he changed sides again, joining the Scots Covenanters. He led the Covenanter forces against Montrose at Auldearn, but changed sides again to the Scots Royalists. At Carbisdale in 1650, on the same side as his old opponent Montrose, he was captured by the Covenanters. They evidently decided that three defections were more than enough and executed Sir John.

John Meldrum

Officer Lists

A list of officers under Meldrum is shown in Laurence Spring's Waller's Army, The Regiments of Sir William Waller's Southern Association The Pike and Shot Association 2007 ISBN 978-1-902768-34-2

In addition

  • Captain Reyes (probably the same man as Capt-Lt Roye but now leading his own troop)4)
  • Captain John Andrews (11/04/43 - 10/01/44)5)

Strength

See Also

1) A List of the Field Officers…, London 1642. British Library Thomason Tracts E 669 f6 (32)
2) The Art of making Devises 2nd Ed, Thomas Blount, London, 1655
3) Prestwich's Respublica, London, 1787
4) N.A. SP28/316/207
5) N.A. SP28/267/pt4/86, SP28/316/207