Colonel James Sheffield’s Regiment of Horse

Active1643 to 1645
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelJames Sheffield
Area Raised
Flag ColourRed?
Flag DesignSee below
Field ArmiesEssex 1643-5

Parliamentarian regiment of horse serving with the Earl of Essex’s Army

Service History


  • 17th July: Sheffield commissioned Colonel
  • 8th September: Relief of Gloucester
  • 20th September: First Battle of Newbury


  • August: Battle of Lostwithiel
  • August: Skirmish on Caradon Down
  • October: Second Battle of Newbury




Col. Sam. (Jam.?) Sheffield (another of the Earl of Mulgrave Sons) figured an armed Horse-man attempting to climb up a steep rock, and an Eye in a cloud, with this motto, PRO DUCE, BIL DESPERANDUM 1).

Thomas Sheffield's troop served in the regiment from July 1643, his cornet was red in the New Model Army and, according to Blount: Col. Thomas Sheffield (second Son to the Earl of Mulgrave) bore this motto only without figure, NEC TIMIDUS, NEC TUMIDUS2). He may have used the same in his brother's regiment.

Notable Officers

Colonel James Sheffield

Officer Lists

March to April 1644

From the Nafziger Collection, file 644CAC.pdf

Colonel James Sheffield's Regiment of Horse (6 troops)

  • Colonel: James Sheffield
  • Major: Thomas Sheffield
  • Captain: Hayle
  • Captain: Francis? Fiennes
  • Captain: Robert Robotham
  • Captain: Wogan


  • March 1644: 6 troops

July 1644

From Symonds' Diary3) Officers/Troopers

  • Colonel James Shefield 11/84
  • Captain Thomas Sheffield 10/73
  • Captain Hayle 10/70
  • Captain Francis? Fiennes 11/71
  • Captain Robert Robotham 9/63
  • Captain Wogan 10/53
  • Total = 414

See Also

1) , 2) The Art of making Devises 2nd Ed, Thomas Blount, London, 1655
3) British Library Additional Ms 17062