Colonel Edmund Harvey’s Regiment of Horse

Active1642 to mid 1646
CountryEngland
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelEdmund Harvey
Area RaisedLondon
Flag ColourRed
Flag DesignSee below
Field ArmiesEssex 1643-4

Parliamentarian London 'militia' regiment of horse attached to Essex’s army

Service History

1642

  • October-November: Harvey's Troop raised
  • November: Saw some action around Brentford

1643

  • July: Repulsed from Basing House
  • 8th September: Relief of Gloucester
  • 18th September: Battle of Aldbourne Chase
  • 20th September: First Battle of Newbury
  • November: Skirmish at Alderton
  • November: Battle of Olney

1644

  • March: Escorts money for Sir William Waller to Southampton.
  • August: Battle of Lostwithiel
  • August: Skirmish at Caradon Down
  • October: Second Battle of Newbury

1645

1646

Notes

From Harvey's unfortunately badly damaged accounts (NA SP28/27/1-10) it would appear that the second of the original 2 Troops was commanded by a Captain Juxon. (Juxon was with Harvey at 1st Newbury being killed there and in October/November 1643 Harvey refers to the Troop formerly under the command of Captain Juxon but he does not appear in the London muster of August 19th possibly being already in the field.) On the 1st June 1643 2 drafts of 20 men appiece from these 2 Troops were used for the recruit of the Troops of Major Mainwaring and Captain Norwood. According to a note in his accounts Harvey left the Regiment July 11th 1644

Flags and Equipment

All cornets of the Regiment are recorded in the various contemporary manuscripts, including a replacement cornet for one lost at First Newbury in 1643.

Captain John Blackwell served in the regiment in 1644, in command of a troop financed by the young ladies of the City of London and known as the 'Maiden Troop'. Their cornet was red, with a red and white fringe, carrying a device of a walled city above a silver label with the motto in black letters ACCENDIA CURA SIONIS above a group of silver hearts from which flames issue forth. The motto can be translated as burning with love for Sion. Alternative depictions of this flag include Incendia cura Sionis, Abiunt invota Siona and Abiunt voto Sioni and the flag fringed pink and pink mixed with black1).

According to Blount: Capt Washbourne figured an armed man with a Bible in one hand and a sword in the other, and instead of a motto, this rime, My Oath and Sword Maintain thy Word2).

Notable Officers

Colonel Edmund Harvey

Edmind Harvey was a London Merchant with no previous military experience

Officer Lists

1643

  • Colonel Edmund Harvey
  • Major Robert Mainwaring joined regt in June
  • Captain Juxon k. 1st Newbury
  • Captain Herriot Washbourne in regt by August (He had been Colonel of the Westminster Auxiliary Regiment and so was often still refered to as Colonel The Troop had been in existence since at least Dec 16423) )
  • Captain Robert Norwood joined Regt in June
  • Captain Peter Willett in regt by July k. 1st Newbury
  • Captain Simon Hacket in regt from 23rd September4)

1644

  • Colonel Edmund Harvey (Capt Lt Thomas Gregson?5) )
  • Major Robert Mainwaring
  • Captain Herriot Washbourne
  • Captain Robert Norwood
  • Captain John Blackwood (Blackwell?) in Regt by May (Blackwell was raising horses for his troop in Aprill)6)
  • Captain Simon Hacket left regiment 18/12/44 but not officially discharged till 01/04/457)

Strength

  • May 29th 1643: 147 troopers (2 Troops)
  • August 18th 1643: 386 troopers (5 Troops)
  • December 1st 1643: 347 troopers (5 Troops)
  • May 29th 1644: 391 troopers (6 Troops)

July 1644

From Symonds' Diary8) Officers/Troopers

  • Colonel Edmund Harvey 19/97
  • Major Robert Mainwaring 11/75
  • Captain Simon Hacket 11/56
  • Captain John Blackwell 10/44
  • Captain Norwood 11/65
  • Captain Heriot Washbourne 10/52
  • Total = 389

See Also

1) The English Emblem Tradition, Vol 3 Emblematic flag devices of the English Civil Wars 1642-1660. Alan R. Young, Toronto 1995, ISBN 0-8020-5739-X
2) The Art of making Devises 2nd Ed, Thomas Blount, London, 1655
3) N.A. SP28/262/246
4) , 7) N.A. SP28/144/pt10/131
5) N.A. SP28/18/7
6) N.A. SP28/14/80
8) British Library Additional Ms 17062