Colonel Christopher Copley’s Regiment of Horse

Flag Illustration1)
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelChristopher Copley
Area RaisedYorkshire
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesFairfax 1643-5

Parliamentarian regiment of horse serving with Lord Fairfax’s army of the Northern Association

Service History


  • Copley raises a troop of horse
  • June: Battle of Adwalton Moor (Copley's troop)
  • August: Copley and most of his troop transfer to Fairfax's Horse


  • April: Copley now Colonel of his own regiment
  • April to July: Siege of York
  • 2nd July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • July: Siege of York



  • May: Byards' troop quartered at Tickhall near Doncaster.3)


In 1645 Copley appears to have taken over Sir Thomas Fairfax's Regiment of horse, any clarification gratefully received!

It appears to have been the case in a number of regional armies that 1645 saw a reduction in the number of regiments either through disbanding or merger. This was partly as a result of the self-denying-ordinance removing Colonels and partly as a means of saving money. Sometimes it is, rather confusingly, described as new-modeling

Flags and Equipment

Copley's cornet was blue with an arm and sword and the motto For Reformation (Illustration 1).

Notable Officers

Colonel Christopher Copley

Officer list

  • Major George Gill (Capt 17/05/43; Major 13/05/44 - 14/11/45 with extension to 24/[torn]/45)4)

(The heading to this pay claim only mentions service under Col. Copley and the claim for pay as Major specifies it was under Copley. But the claim for pay as Captain appears to say “as Captaine of a Troope of Horse in my owne Regiment (the phrase in italics is damaged by damp). However there is no evidence in the document as to whom this refers as the claim is supposedly being made by Gill. (Sorry read it as “in ye said” before enhancing the photo) In context it could be refering to Fairfax's regt. Ivor Carr)

  • Captain Thomas Otes (13/06/44 - 24/12/45)5)
  • Captain Simon Askwith (24/06/45 - 01/01/46 Served previously under Sir Thomas Fairfax and Sir William Constable)6)
  • Captain William Wood (also served as Muster Master General to the Northern Army)7)
  • Captain George Byard (added to the regiment at the begining of 1646 20 of Askwith's former troopers being transfered to recruit the troop)8)
  • Captain William Luddington9)
  • Captain William Farrer (Previous service as Ensign and Captain of Foot. Captain of Dragoons and as Captain of Horse in Lord Fairfax's Regiment)10)
  • Captain Adam Bomies (in April 1646) This should almost certainly be Adam Baines11)
  • Captain St Nicholas 12)
  • Captain Henry Westby 13)


Initially a single troop, later expanded to a regiment. Copley raised a troop early in 1643, and on 8th August 1643 was transferred to Fairfax's Horse as Major to the regiment. He took with him most of his existing troop. He was given his own regiment of horse on 1st April 1644. Gill's Troop was 63 strong after the Battle of Namptwich.

See Also

1) Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine
2) N.A. SP28/267/pt1/12
3) N.A. SP28/302/510
4) N.A. SP28/41/149
5) N.A. SP28/49/943
6) N.A. SP28/267/Pt1/21
7) N.A. E 121/5/5/1
8) N.A. SP28/267/Pt1/12 N.A. E121/5/5
9) N.A. SP28/46/400
10) , 13) N.A. E121/3/1
11) N.A. SP28/302/522; E121/5/5/uf
12) N.A. E121/5/5