Col. Arthur Goodwin’s Regiment of Horse

Flag Illustration1)
Active1642-4
CountryEngland
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelArthur Goodwin
Area RaisedSouth East
Flag Colourred
Flag DesignSee below
Field ArmiesEssex 1642-4
Brown 1644-5

Parliamentarian regiment of horse that served with the Earl of Essex’s army

Service History

1642

  • August: Battle of Southam
  • 23rd October: Battle of Edgehill - Right flank
  • November: Battle of Aylesbury?
  • 13th November: Standoff at Turnham Green
  • December: Taking of Marlow?
  • December: Skirmish at Wantage
  • December: Storm of Winchester?

1643

  • January: Skirmish at Brill
  • January: Repulsed from Brill
  • April: Siege of Reading
  • June: Battle of Chalgrove Field
  • August 16th: Goodwin Dead by this date
  • 8th September: Relief of Gloucester
  • September: Skirmish at Cheltenham
  • 20th September: First Battle of Newbury

1644

  • May 4th - 11th: Regiment reduced with Goodwin's troop under Lt Semple joining Sir William Balfour’s Regiment of Horse, while Captains Grenvile, Thomas Tyrill, and Francis Ingoldsby join Browne's troop in garrison at Abingdon
  • July: Siege of Greenland House (Independent troops)

Notes

At Edgehill the regiment included Lord Wharton's troop that had been raised as part of his regiment for service in Ireland but was instead diverted to Essex's army 2). The regiment appears to have been broken up in spring 1644, with some troops disbanded and the Colonel's troop joining Balfour's Regiment under captain Bruce Semple. Captains Richard Grenvile (not the more famous 'Skellum Grenville'), Thomas Tyrill and Francis Ingoldsby led their troops to serve under Brown in garrison at Abingdon.

Flags & Equipment

Goodwin's cornet was plain red, illustrated above.

According to Blount: Maj. Gen. Brown figured for his devise, a Death's head and a Crown of Laurel with ONE OF THESE for motto3).

Notable Officers

Arthur Goodwin

Lord Wharton

Richard Browne

Thomas Tyrell

Francis Ingoldsby

Capt Carlos Fantom

Carlos Fantom or Fanthom, was a Croat mercenary widely believed to be a 'hard man' impervious to bullets. He deserted to the Royalists who eventually hanged him for his crimes.

Officer List

  • Colonel Arthur Goodwin
  • Major Sigismund Alexander (Originally raised for Irish service. Had given up command by 09/03/43)
  • Major Gilbert Blare (Took over Sander's Troop. Blare already held the rank of Major of Dragoons and it is not clear exactly when he took over as Major of the regiment. He certainly held the position by June 1643. Laid down his commission 04/05/44)
  • Captain Adam Bayard (Took over Alexander's troop 11/03/43. Laid down his commission when regiment was reduced)
  • Captain Thomas Sanders (Till 11/01/43)
  • Captain Richard Grenvile
  • Captain Carlos Fanthom (Capt by 07/43 formerly Lt to Grenvile's troop, deserted to Royalist by end of the year4) with the troops pay for december being paid to Capt Thomas Harrison. It is possible he may have taken over some or all of Browne's troop. The dates fit and the final payment for the troop to Captain Harrison was received by Henry Pinckney who had been QM to Browne)
  • Captain Thomas Harrison? (served in Essex's Army from 06/43 till Spring 44 but regiment not known. However he was ordered to receive the final pay of Fanthom's troop)
  • Captain Bruce Semple (Took over Goodwin's troop of which he had been Capt-Lt)
  • Captain Thomas Tyrill
  • Captain Francis Ingoldsby
  • Captain Richard Browne (raised by the City of London 11/42 In Regiment by 06/43. The troop may have accompanied Browne when he left to take up an independent command as no warrants for pay are extant after 07/43 although see Fathom above)
  • Captain Sir Robert Pye (Raised in 08/42, in Regt by 06/43 following reduction became a Colonel of Horse.)
  • Captain Phllip Lord Wharton (Originaly raised for the Irish service appears to have been in the Regt by 05/43 when Goodwin's QM signed for their pay. Wharton appears to have given up his commission when the regt was reduced but the troop survived under it's Lt Holcroft until at least June)

Strength

See Also

1) Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine
2) A List of the Field Officers…, London 1642. British Library Thomason Tracts E 669 f6 (32)
3) The Art of making Devises 2nd Ed, Thomas Blount, London, 1655
4) This may have been more drawn out than usually stated as Fanthom was still being paid arrears in February (N.A. SP28/1283-4)