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Colonel Thomas Rainsborough’s Regiment of Foot

Active 1644 to 1646
CountryEngland
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelThomas Rainsborough
James Grey
Area RaisedLincoln
Coat ColourRed?
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field Armies

Later Colonel James Grey’s Regiment of Foot

Parliamentarian regiment of Foot of Manchester’s Eastern Association

Service History

1644

  • May: Raised at Lincoln
  • June: Equipment ordered for the regiment
  • October to December: Siege of Crowland

1645

  • March: At Grantham
  • May: Grey appointed Colonel

1646

  • June: Grey's Colonelcy ends

Notes

A number of officers and men in Rainsborough's regiment had returned from New England to fight for Parliament, including Lieutenant-Colonel Israel Stoughton, Major Nehemiah Bourne and Captain John Leverett. Rainsborough's family was connected by marriage to the Winthrops of Massachusetts. His sister Martha was briefly married to John Winthrop, governor of Massachusetts, while another sister, Judith, was married to Winthrop's son Stephen, who served in Rainsborough's regiment.

Coats and Flags

A mention of Rainsborough's in red coats likely refers to his embryonic New Model Army regiment, not this regiment which was soon handed over to Col. Grey.

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment’s officers is shown in Laurence Spring’s Regiments of the Eastern Association1)

Thomas Rainsborough

Thomas Rainsborough Republican officer who served in Parliament's army and navy.

James Grey

Previously a captain in Col. Thomas Grey's Foot.

Strength

See Also

1) The Regiments of the Eastern Association Vol. 2, Laurence Spring, Stuart Press 1998 ISBN 1 85804 119 8