Sir William Constable’s Southern Regiment of Foot

Active1642 to 1644
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelSir William Constable
Area Raised
Coat ColourBlue lined White
Red or Grey?
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesEssex 1642-4

Parliamentarian Regiment of Foot serving as part of Essex’s army

Service History


  • 23rd October: Battle of Edgehill
  • 13th November: Standoff at Turnham Green


  • April: Siege of Reading
  • 11th August: Constable leaves for North
  • 8th September: Relief of Gloucester
  • 20th September: First Battle of Newbury


  • 1st March - 18th April: Service as dragoons under Col Cunningham (det)? 1)
  • 29th March: Battle of Cheriton (det)?
  • 24th April: Regiment reduced


Coats, Flags and Equipment

Issued blue coats in September 1642, they were next issued coats in August 1643, which were probably red or grey 2).

Notable Officers

Sir William Constable

Officer Lists


  • Colonel Sir William Constable (left regiment 11/08/43 to take up a command in the North)
  • Lieutenant Colonel Robert Grame (Led regiment from 11/08/43 to 24/04/44)
  • Major Henry Frodsham
  • Captain Thomas Eure
  • Captain James Breckham (Peckham)
  • Captain John Fenwick
  • Captain Simon Needham
  • Captain Benjamin Cecil
  • Captain Humphrey Jones (Fownes)
  • Captain James Gray
  • Captain William Hill (18/11/42 - 08/02/44)

April 1644

As Lt-Col Grame is not mentioned in the pay receipts from which the following names are drawn, one of the new captains may have been leading his company as a Capt-Lt

  • Major Henry Frodsham
  • Captain [Simon] Needham (Needham himself was absent serving as Lt Col of Constables northern regiment)
  • Captain James Gray (30/07/42 - 15/04/44 then Lt Coll under Colonel Godfrey Bosseville)
  • Captain [James] Peckham
  • Captain John Clarke (18/11/42 - 25/04/44)3)
  • Captain Humphrey Fownes (30/07/42 - 15/04/44 then Capt under Col Richard Fortescue 15/04/44 - 19/09/44) 4)
  • Captain John Dugdale (had previously been Lieutenant to Captain Eure, taking over the company 07/04/43.5) Served as a reformado from 20/03/446))
  • Captain Arthur Young (possibly the man who had been Ensign to Captain Eure in 1642. Probably the Capt-Lt Young of Constables regt who received pay for absentees from several regt's in Dec. 16437))


  • October 1642: 800 men8), falling to approx 500 after Edgehill

See Also

1) N.A. SP28/265/300
2) ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525846
3) N.A. SP28/253B/pt2/30v
4) SP28/36/78
5) N.A. SP28/37/462
6) N.A. SP28/37/458
7) N.A. SP28/11/284