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parliamentarian:foot-regiments:sir-william-brereton [26/01/2016 20:52]
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parliamentarian:foot-regiments:sir-william-brereton [01/07/2020 14:00] (current)
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 <WRAP right> <WRAP right>
- +|**Illustration 1**|{{:​white_wavy.png?​200}}((Image by kind permission of [[http://​www.wargamesdesigns.com/​ecw.html}|Wargames Designs]]))| 
-|**Active**| ​1643 to 1646|+|**Active**| ​1642 to 1646|
 |**Country**|England| |**Country**|England|
 |**Allegiance**|Parliamentarian| |**Allegiance**|Parliamentarian|
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 |**Colonel**|Sir William Brereton| |**Colonel**|Sir William Brereton|
 |**Area Raised**|Cheshire| |**Area Raised**|Cheshire|
-|**Coat Colour**| |  +|**Coat Colour**|Grey|  
-|**Flag Colour**|White?​| +|**Flag Colour**|Black or White ?|
 |**Flag Design**| |  |**Flag Design**| |
-|**Field Armies**|Brereton ​1643-6|+|**Field Armies**|Brereton ​1642-6|
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
  
-//​Parliamentarian regiment of foot nicknamed ​the Cheshire ​Lions” raised by Brereton, the local commander ​//+//​Parliamentarian regiment of foot forming ​the core of Brereton'​s ​Cheshire ​forces//
   
 ===== Service History ===== ===== Service History =====
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   *November: Battle of Denbigh Green   *November: Battle of Denbigh Green
  
 +=====Notes=====
  
 +A history of the unit and lists of its officers are shown in Andrew Abram’s //More Like Lions Than Men: Sir William Brereton and the Cheshire Army of Parliament 1642-46// Helion & Co. Ltd., Warwick, 2020. ISBN 978-1-913118-82-2
  
-=====Notes===== 
 In April 1645 consisted of 16 companies including 3 dragoon/​firelock companies, shown under [[parliamentarian:​dragoon-regiments:​sir-william-brereton|Sir William Brereton’s Regiment of Dragoons]]. The regiment was probably disbanded in late 1645 or early 1646 as part of a general reorganization of the Cheshire forces. In April 1645 consisted of 16 companies including 3 dragoon/​firelock companies, shown under [[parliamentarian:​dragoon-regiments:​sir-william-brereton|Sir William Brereton’s Regiment of Dragoons]]. The regiment was probably disbanded in late 1645 or early 1646 as part of a general reorganization of the Cheshire forces.
 +
 +The regiment is occasionally known as the "​Cheshire Lions" but this is a modern nickname, probably derived from the contemporary description of Brereton'​s forces fighting "More like lions than men"​. ​
 +
 =====Coats and Flags===== =====Coats and Flags=====
-Maybe carried white flags ((Information kindly provided by BCW Wiki contributor 1642))+At least one company of the regiment was provided grey coats in 1645. April 1645 Staffordshire Committee dispersed £30 12s. 11d. for grey coats for Captain Monke'​s company((National Archive SP28/134/12 folio 395r)) 
 + 
 +BCW user andy-1961 notes that "there are references from 1644 to a 'black regiment'​ and 'a regiment carrying all black colours'​ marching from Cheshire to Lancashire - these are likely to be Brereton'​s own regiment. Black colours would correspond with the known cavalry cornets and trumpet banners purchased by Brereton for his own troop in either 1642 or 1643, and would seem particularly likely for his foot regiment"​. However BCW user 1642 has provided information that Brereton'​s ​carried white flags in 1643/​4 ​((Information kindly provided by BCW Wiki contributor 1642)), but devices are unknown (Illustration 1). I will update when we manage to resolve this. 
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
 ====Sir William Brereton==== ====Sir William Brereton====
 [[http://​bcw-project.org/​biography/​sir-william-brereton|Sir William Brereton]] [[http://​bcw-project.org/​biography/​sir-william-brereton|Sir William Brereton]]
 ====Chidley Coote==== ====Chidley Coote====
-[[http://​books.google.co.uk/​books?​id=HEsTAAAAYAAJ&​pg=PA69&​lpg=PA69&​dq=colonel+chidley+coote&​source=bl&​ots=18rv_qo0FR&​sig=H6OKtn6dv1N_PUDclgqN22ee_fQ&​hl=en&​sa=X&​ei=up99Ubq8CcfgOrSRgcgG&​ved=0CF0Q6AEwCQ#​v=onepage&​q=colonel%20chidley%20coote&​f=false|Chidley Coote]] was brother of Sir Charles Coote, Second Baronet. He defended Birr Castle from 1641 until its fall in 1643.  After serving in Ireland with his father and brother, Coote came to England following the cessation and served as Lieutenant Colonel of [[parliamentarian:​foot-regiments:​sir-william-brereton|Sir William Brereton’s Regiment of Foot]]. In September 1644 he was attempting to raise a troop but this appears to have come to nothing and instead by December he had taken over the troop of [[parliamentarian:​horse-regiments:​sir-william-brereton|Sir William Brereton’s Regiment of Horse]] raised by Francis Farrington. He Claimed for pay under Brereton from 20/10/44 till 10/08/45. At this point he transferred to command the Shropshire horse being promoted Colonel on 08/11/45 and serving until 31/07/46. He then raised ​his Regiment of Horse for service in Ireland.+[[http://​books.google.co.uk/​books?​id=HEsTAAAAYAAJ&​pg=PA69&​lpg=PA69&​dq=colonel+chidley+coote&​source=bl&​ots=18rv_qo0FR&​sig=H6OKtn6dv1N_PUDclgqN22ee_fQ&​hl=en&​sa=X&​ei=up99Ubq8CcfgOrSRgcgG&​ved=0CF0Q6AEwCQ#​v=onepage&​q=colonel%20chidley%20coote&​f=false|Chidley Coote]] was brother of Sir Charles Coote, Second Baronet. He defended Birr Castle from 1641 until its fall in 1643.  After serving in Ireland with his father and brother, Coote came to England following the cessation and served as Lieutenant Colonel of Sir William Brereton’s Regiment of Foot. In September 1644 he was attempting to raise a troop but this appears to have come to nothing and instead by December he had taken over the troop of [[parliamentarian:​horse-regiments:​sir-william-brereton|Sir William Brereton’s Regiment of Horse]] raised by Francis Farrington. He Claimed for pay under Brereton from 20/10/44 till 10/08/45. At this point he transferred to command the Shropshire horse being promoted Colonel on 08/11/45 and serving until 31/07/46. He then raised ​[[protestant:​horse-regiments:​chidley-coote|Colonel Chidley Coote’s ​Regiment of Horse]] for service in Ireland.
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
-  *April 1645: 13 companies of foot as well as 3 firelock companies of [[parliamentarian:​dragoon-regiments:​sir-william-brereton|Sir William Brereton’s Regiment of Dragoons]]+  *April 1645: 13 companies of foot as well as 3 firelock companies of [[parliamentarian:​dragoon-regiments:​sir-william-brereton|Sir William Brereton’s Regiment of Dragoons]]((British Library Additional Manuscript 11331,​45)) 
 + 
 +  *Sir Wm Brereton'​s owne company under ye conduct of Lt Col. Venables 150 at Tarvin 
 +  *Lt Col Cooke 100 at Wirhall Hooton 
 +  *Major Croxton 160 at Nantwich 
 +  *Ld Calvin about 100 at Sall(?) 
 +  *Capt. Finch'​s Dragoons about 70 
 +  *Capt. Sadler 70 in Salop 
 +  *Capt. Moncke 60 in Staffe 
 +  *Capt. Greene 120 at Wyre 
 +  *Capt. Glegge now disposed of, Capt. Birkened 160 at Wyrhall 
 +  *Capt. R(a)thbone 80 at Wyre 
 +  *Capt. Hardware 60 at Tarvin 
 +  *Capt. Spcere 40 in Sallop 
 +  *Capt. Wm and Capt. Rich. Coventry and Capt. Ball 150 at Wyrhall 
 +  *Capt. Houltes Ffirelocks
 =====See Also====== =====See Also======
 ===== Links ===== ===== Links =====
 +~~DISCUSSION~~