Major General James Lothian’s Company and Regiment of Foot

Active1645 to 1646
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelJames Lothian
Area RaisedCheshire
Coat Color
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesBrereton 1645-6

Parliamentarian foot serving with Brereton’s Cheshire forces

Service History


  • September: Battle of Rowton Heath (Company)
  • September to February 1646: Siege of Chester (Company)


  • February to January 1647: Siege of Holt Castle (Company)
  • March to July: Siege of Lichfield (Regiment)
  • October: Attack on Anglesey1)


A history of the unit and lists of its officers are shown in Andrew Abram’s More Like Lions Than Men: Sir William Brereton and the Cheshire Army of Parliament 1642-46 Helion & Co. Ltd., Warwick, 2020. ISBN 978-1-913118-82-2

Despite Lothian being Major General in command of the foot of Sir William Brereton’s army in 1645, he appears to have only raised this single company of foot, from Broxton hundred in Cheshire. However in 1646 he was given command of a composite regiment of Foot made up from companies drawn from the various Cheshire regiments, which was sent to besiege Lichfield. His own company was not included in this regiment and was instead sent to block up Holt Castle on the Welsh border.

The Regiment was made up of the following Companies 2)

  • Major William Daniell (ex Col. Henry Brookes regt)
  • Capt Anthony Booth and Capt John Leadbeater (combined) (ex Col. Robt Duckenfield's regt)
  • Capt John Rathbone (ex Brereton's regt)
  • Capt Thomas Walley (ex Col. John Leigh's regt)
  • Capt Simon Finch (firelocks/dragoons) (ex Brereton's regt)
  • Capt Godfrey Gimbert (firelocks/dragoons) (ex Brereton's regt)
  • Capt Hugh Birtles 3) (ex Col. John Leigh's regt)
  • Capt Edward Glegg (ex Brereton's regt)
  • Capt Thomas Monke (ex Brereton's regt)

Flags and Equipment

Notable Officers

Major General James Lothian

There is an account of Lothian's Civil War career at the ScotWars website.


On 23rd May 1646 the Regiment mustered 567 men plus 88 officers

See Also

1) SP28/224/318
2) The Civil War in Staffordshire in the Spring of 1646: Sir William Brereton’s Letter Book, April–May 1646 (eds) Ivor Carr and Ian Atherton: Staffordshire Record Society. Collections for a History of Staffordshire Fourth Series, Volume Twenty-One, (2007) ISSN 1469–5480, ISBN 978 0 901719 37 9 pp 270-1 and Appendix 5
3) A single reference to Birtles as a Capt-Lt and the company's lack of a Lt suggest that this was nominally the Colonel's company.