Lord Robartes’ Regiment of Foot

Flag Illustration1)
Active1642-45
CountryEngland
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelLord Robartes
Area Raised
Coat ColourRed lined Yellow
Red or Grey
Flag ColourRed??
Flag Design
Field ArmiesEssex 1642-4

Parliamentarian Regiment of Foot serving as part of Essex’s army

Service History

1642

  • 23rd October: Battle of Edgehill
  • 12th November: Battle of Brentford
  • 13th November: Standoff at Turnham Green

1643

  • April: Siege of Reading
  • September: Skirmish at Stow on the Wold
  • 8th September: Relief of Gloucester
  • 20th September: First Battle of Newbury
  • November: Battle of Olney

1644

  • July: Taking of Barnstaple
  • July: Skirmish at Warminster
  • July: Besieged at Woodhouse (det)
  • July: Battle of Horsebridge
  • August: Battle of Lostwithiel
  • October: Garrison Saltash

1645

Notes

There is an article on the regiment's history at Lord Robartes' website.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

The regiment wore red coats lined yellow from August 1642 to August 1643, when they received newly issued coats, probably of red or grey 2). In October 1644 they were described as a 'red regiment' which might apply to either coats or flags.

Notable Officers

Lord Robartes

Officer Lists

1642

Mainly from “A List of the Army…”

  • Colonel John Lord Robartes
  • Lieutenant Colonel William Hunter
  • Major Alexander Hurry
  • Captain James Witcherly
  • Captain John Walker
  • Captain John Mercer
  • Captain James Fookes
  • Captain Mark Grimes
  • Captain John Mill
  • Captain Jonathon Elliot (30/07/42 to 09/08/43)
  • Captain Andrew Smith (In the Regt by 07/10/42)
  • Captain John Warburton (In the Regt by 29/11/42)
  • Captain William Van Jaxhime (Claimed for pay as Capt of Foot under Lord Roberts from 30/07/42 to 09/11/43 He is not included in any pay warrants but may have been the Captain Lieutenant who is not given in “A List..” as he signed for the pay of Robarte's own company in October)

1643

  • Colonel John Lord Roberts
  • Lieutenant Colonel William Hunter
  • Major Alex Hurry
  • Captain Mark Grimes
  • Captain John Mill
  • Captain Jonathon Elliot (30/07/42 to 09/08/43)
  • Captain Henry Wansey (Took over Warburton's company of which he had been Lt in December 1642)
  • Captain William Van Jaxhime (See 1642 above)
  • Captain [ ] Smith (named in warrants of January and March and probably the Andrew Smith from 1642, However a Capt Francis Smith was in the Regt in 1644)
  • Captain [ ] Palboys
  • Captain Smith Wilkinson (compleating his company in December 1642. His widow received his arrears up to 5/5/43)
  • Captain John Melvin (Capt of Foot Ld Roberts Regt 19/06/43 - 02/04/45)
  • Captain John Spooner (Took over Elliot's company in August of which he had been Lt since 1642)
  • *Captain J[ ] Penn (in Regt by October 1643)

1644

  • Colonel John Lord Roberts
  • Lieutenant Colonel William Hunter
  • Major Alex Hurry
  • Captain Mark Grimes
  • Captain John Mills
  • Captain John Spooner
  • Captain Henry Wansey
  • Captain Francis Smith (in Regt by 30/05/44)
  • Captain John Penn
  • Captain John Melvin

1645

  • Colonel John Lord Robartes (Robartes had been serving as Governor of Plymouth since September 1644. Given that the other companies are accounted for it is possible that the company was taken over by Captain Short (below) for its final months. It's final fate is unknown and it is possible it remained at Plymouth with it's Colonel)
  • Lieutenant Colonel William Hunter (Reduced at Reading in April)
  • Major Alex Hurry (Reduced at Reading in April)
  • Captain Mark Grimes (Reduced at Reading in April)
  • Captain John Mills (To Ingoldsby's Foot NMA)
  • Captain John Spooner (To Aldrich's Foot NMA)
  • Captain Henry Wansey (Reduced at Reading in April)
  • Captain Francis Smith (To Aldrich's Foot NMA?)
  • Captain John Penn (Reduced at Reading in April)
  • Captain John Melvin (To Aldrich's Foot NMA)
  • Captain Nathanial Short (Capt of Foot Lord Roberts Regt 03/02/45 - 05/04/45)

Strength

  • c. 30th July 1642: Commissioned as 1200 Strong
  • by 9th September 1642: Reduced to 800 strong
  • October 1642: 715 rank and file3)
  • 11th April 1643: 723 men
  • 5th May 1643: 528 men
  • 21st June 1643: 393 men
  • 20th July 1643: 365 men
  • 14th August 1643: 310 men
  • 11th September 1643: 295 men
  • 28th October 1643: 287 men
  • 7th December 1643: 172 men
  • 18th December 1643: 188 men
  • 5th January 1644: 229 men
  • 19th January 1644: 265 men
  • 5th February 1644: 339 men
  • 1st April 1644: 363 men
  • 20th April 1644: 139 recruits added
  • 17th May 1644: 653 men

See Also

The regiment is re-enacted by Lord Robartes' Regiment of Foote of the Sealed Knot.

1) Flag images by kind permission of Wargames Designs
2) ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525846