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parliamentarian:foot-regiments:lord-grey-of-groby [25/04/2016 00:59]
tim
parliamentarian:foot-regiments:lord-grey-of-groby [14/06/2020 12:01] (current)
musketeerrob
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 <WRAP right> <WRAP right>
  
-|**Active**|1644 to 1646|+|**Active**|1643 to 1646|
 |**Country**|England| |**Country**|England|
 |**Allegiance**|Parliamentarian| |**Allegiance**|Parliamentarian|
Line 9: Line 9:
 |**Type**|Foot|  |**Type**|Foot|
 |**Colonel**|Lord Grey of Groby| |**Colonel**|Lord Grey of Groby|
-| |Henry Grey|+| |Theophilus ​Grey|
 |**Area Raised**|Leicester| |**Area Raised**|Leicester|
-|**Coat Colour**| |  +|**Coat Colour**|blue? |  
-|**Flag Colour**||  +|**Flag Colour**|unknown|  
-|**Flag Design**| |  +|**Flag Design**|unknown ​|  
-|**Field Armies**|Meldrum 1644|+|**Field Armies**|Midland Association (Grey), 1643-45| 
 +| |Northern Army (Poyntz), 1645-46|
 | |Garrison| | |Garrison|
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
  
-**Also led by Colonel ​Henry Grey**+**Also led by Colonel ​Theophilus ​Grey**
  
 //​Parliamentarian regiment of foot based at Leicester and drawn out to fight at Newark// //​Parliamentarian regiment of foot based at Leicester and drawn out to fight at Newark//
   
 ===== Service History ===== ===== Service History =====
 +
 +====1643====
 +  *January: Siege of Ashby-de-la-Zouch?​((Gell,​ J. "A True Relation",​ in: Glover, S. (ed.) __The History, Gazetteer and Directory of the County of Derby__ (Derby: 1899), 63))
 +  *January: Capture of Holt Hall, Leics.?​((HMC,​ __Portland MSS__, i, 87))
 +  *February: Capture of Brooke Priory, Rutland?​(("​A Continuation of Certain Speciall and Remarkable Passages",​ 1 March 1643, __Tyger'​s Head Books__, [[https://​reportingtheenglishcivilwar.wordpress.com/​2013/​03/​01/​lord-gray-takes-brook-house-in-rutland/​]]))
 +  *February: Capture of North Luffenham Hall, Rutland?​((HMS,​ __Portland MSS__, i, 99))
 +  *March: Capture of Rockingham Castle?​((Wise,​ C. __Rockingham Castle and the Watsons__, (London: Eliot Stock, 1891), 65))
 +  *April: Capture of Burton-upon-Trent?​((Gell,​ "A True Relation",​ op. cit., 64))
 +  *May: Advance on Bagworth Park, Leics.((HMC,​ __Hastings MSS__, ii, 102))
 +  *May: Attack on Royalist garrison at Burleigh Hall, Loughborough?​((Bennett,​ M. __The Royalist War Effort in the North Midlands, 1642-1646__,​ (Loughborough University, 1986), p.90))
 +  *May: Fighting at Wiverton Hall, Notts.?​((Hutchinson,​ L. __Memoirs of the Life of Colonel Hutchinson__ (London: Everyman, 1995), 107-108))
  
 ====1644==== ====1644====
-  *February to March: ​Siege of Newark +  *March: ​Skirmish at Hinckley((Grey,​ H. __A Letter to the Lord Grey of Grooby__, [[https://​quod.lib.umich.edu/​cgi/​t/​text/​text-idx?​c=eebo;​idno=A85689.0001.001]])) ​ 
-  *March: Battle ​of Cotes Bridge? +  *March: ​Skirmish at Cotes Bridge, Loughborough((Bennett,​ M. "The Civil War Battle ​at Cotes Bridge", __The Leicestershire Historian__,​ **3**, 3, pp.15-22, [[https://​www.le.ac.uk/​lahs/​downloads/​LeicestershireHistorian-Vol.3No.3-1984-5.pdf]])) 
-  *MarchBattle ​of Newark+  *JulyCapture ​of Wilne Ferry garrison on the River Trent?​((Whitelock,​ B. __Memorials of the English Affairs__ (Oxford: University Press, 1853), i, 282))
  
 ====1645==== ====1645====
-  *May: Besieged at Leicester?+  *May: Defence of Leicester((Temple, P. __An Examination Examined__ (London: 1645) )) 
 +  *November: Storming of Shelford House, Notts.((“Payment to Thomas Joyce”, SP28/41, __Civil War Petitions__ [online] [[https://​www.civilwarpetitions.ac.uk/​payments/​thomas-joyce-of-leicester-leicestershire-nottinghamshire-county-committee-treasurers-payments-11-december-1645/​]]))  
 +  *December: Siege of Newark, regiment quartered at Coddington.((Brown,​ C. __The Annals of Newark-upon-Trent __(London: 1879), 153, [[https://​archive.org/​details/​annalsofnewarkup00browuoft/​page/​152/​mode/​2up]]))
  
 ====1646==== ====1646====
 +  *May: Surrender of Newark
  
 =====Notes===== =====Notes=====
-The regiment was led in the field by Lt Colonel Henry Grey, kinsman of Lord Grey of Groby. The regiment'​s ​chaplain was receiving pay in 1646+  *A military action marked ? denotes a reference made to Lord Grey's forces, but no direct reference to his foot regiment. 
 +  *The regiment was sometimes commanded ​in the field by Lt Colonel Henry Grey, Lord Grey'​s ​cousin. 
 =====Coats and Flags===== =====Coats and Flags=====
 +Possibly blue coats. Lord Grey's father, [[http://​bcw-project.org/​biography/​henry-grey-earl-of-stamford | Henry Grey, Earl of Stamford]], issued his own regiment of foot with blue coats. This regiment was raised at Leicester in the summer of 1642 and had formed a guard at the Greys' family seat of Bradgate Park. As Lord Grey's Regiment was formed at roughly the same time and place as Stamford'​s,​ it is possible that they were similarly issued with blue coats.((__A Particular Relation of the Action Before Cyrencester,​ 1642__ (London: 1643); Hollings, J. F. __The History of Leicester in the Great Civil War__ (Leicester: 1840), 15))
 +
 +The Victorian romance "​Master Dod's Blessing"​ makes specific reference to "Sir John Gell's grey coats, [and] some of my Lord Grey's own blues",​ although a 19th-century children'​s story might not be considered a reliable source.((Anon.,​ "​Master Dod's Blessing",​ in: __Friendship'​s Offering__ (London: 1844), 185, 187))
 +
 +The design of the regimental colours is not recorded. There is reference in the Leicester Chamberlains'​ Accounts for 1641-1642: "paid for the colours for the trained bands then Li//​li//"​((Stocks,​ H. (ed.) __Records of the Borough of Leicester__,​ (London: Clay, 1899-1974), iv, 323))
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
 ====Lord Grey of Groby==== ====Lord Grey of Groby====
 [[http://​bcw-project.org/​biography/​thomas-lord-grey-of-groby|Thomas,​ Lord Grey of Groby]] [[http://​bcw-project.org/​biography/​thomas-lord-grey-of-groby|Thomas,​ Lord Grey of Groby]]
-====Colonel Henry Grey==== +====Col Theophilus Grey (1606-1679)==== 
-(Lieutenant Colonel 09/02/44 - 22/09/44;((N.A. SP28/​266/​pt2/​5)) Colonel 04/04/45 - 25/08/46.((N.A. SP28/​266/​pt2/​1)) ​His service as Colonel ​is stated as having been in LincolnshireThis suggests that we may be maybe dealing with two different regiments.In fact it appears ​Grey took over [[parliamentarian:foot-regiments:thomas-rainsborough|Colonel Thomas Rainsborough’s Regiment of Foot]] and that Spring is mistaken ​in giving this to Col James Grey)+Younger brother of Henry Grey, 10th Earl of Kent. Colonel ​of the regiment and Governor of Leicester from the spring of 1645. Wounded in action at the defence of Leicester, May 31 1645. Later commanded the regiment at the siege of Newark.((Nichols,​ J. __The History of the Antiquities of the County of Leicester__ (Wakefield: S R Publishers, 1971), iv, 245; Temple, P. __An Examination Examined__ (London:​1645) )) 
 +====Lt Col Henry Grey (1612-1681)==== 
 +The son of Ambrose Grey of Enville Hall, Staffordshire,​ and first cousin of Thomas, Lord Grey of Groby. Commanded the regiment in the actions at Hinckley and Cotes Bridge 1644. Governor of Leicester in 1644.  
 +Lieutenant Colonel 09/02/44 - 22/09/44,((N.A. SP28/​266/​pt2/​5)) ​Served as Governor of Grantham and  took over [[parliamentarian:​foot-regiments:​thomas-rainsborough|Colonel ​Thomas Rainsborough’s Regiment of Foot]] in Lincolnshire, ​04/04/45 - 25/​08/​46((N.A. SP28/​266/​pt2/​1)) ​after Rainsborough transferred to the 'new model'​. Spring ​is mistaken ​in giving this to Col James GreyHenry Grey led Rainsborough'​s former regiment at the capture of Hougham Manor (June 1645)((Grey. H. __A True Relation of the Taking of Howhum__ (London, 1645), ​[[https://​quod.lib.umich.edu/​e/​eebo/​A95265.0001.001/​1:2?]])) the surrender of Belvoir Castle (January 1646),​(('​Letter from the Committee with the Army, 3 February 1646', in: __Journal of the House of Lords, Volume 8__ (London: 1767-1830), 141a)) ​and at the final siege of Newark. Subsequently served with his regiment ​in Ireland.((HMC 7th Report, 1)) Justice of the Peace for Staffordshire,​ 1663.((Armytage,​ G. J. __Staffordshire Pedigrees__ (London: 1912), 111, [[https://​archive.org/​details/​StaffordshirePedigreesBasedOnTheVisitationOfThatCountyMadeByWilliam/​page/​n121/​mode/​2up]])) 
 +====Officer List==== 
 +  *Lord Grey of Groby 
 +  *Col Theophilus ​Grey (w. at the defence of Leicester, 31 May 1645) 
 +  *Lt Col Henry Grey 
 +  *Lt Col Battersby 
 +  *Capt Collison  
 +  *Capt Farmer (k. at the defence of Leicester, 31 May 1645) 
 +  *Capt Hurst (w. at the defence of Leicester, 31 May 1645)  
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
 +In May 1643, Colonel Devereux Wolseley estimated Leicester'​s forces to be “not above 400”.((HMC,​ __Hastings MSS__, ibid.)) In July 1644, Lord Grey wrote that his foot regiment'​s strength was "450 marching men"​.((__CSPD (Charles I)__, vol. 502, 3 July 1644)) The regiment'​s strength at Leicester in May 1645 was 529,​((Temple,​ P. __An Examination Examined__ (London: 1645) )) divided among the following companies:
 +  *Col Theophilus Grey: 230
 +  *Lt Col Battersby: 50
 +  *Capt Farmer: 120
 +  *Capt Hurst: 129 
 +
 =====See Also====== =====See Also======
 ===== Links ===== ===== Links =====
 Lord Grey of Groby'​s Regiment is re-enacted by [[http://​lordgreys.weebly.com/​the-regiment.html|Lord Thomas Grey's Regiment of Foote]] of the Sealed Knot. Lord Grey of Groby'​s Regiment is re-enacted by [[http://​lordgreys.weebly.com/​the-regiment.html|Lord Thomas Grey's Regiment of Foote]] of the Sealed Knot.