Colonel John Mauleverer’s Regiment of Foot

ConflictsFirst Civil War
Second Civil War
Third Civil War
Anglo-Spanish War
ColonelJohn Mauleverer
Richard Deane
Edward Salmon
Arthur Evelyn
Earl of Cleveland
Area RaisedYorkshire
Coat ColourRed (later)
Flag Colourunknown
Flag Designunknown
Field ArmiesLambert 1648
Cromwell 1650-51
Turenne 1658-9

Later Maj. Gen. Richard Deane’s, then Colonel Edward Salmon’s, Arthur Evelyn’s and the Earl of Cleveland’s Regiment of Foot

Regiment of foot raised in Yorkshire serving in garrison at Hull, then taken in to the army in 1649 serving in Scotland and Flanders

Service History


  • September to October: Besieged at Hull


  • Garrison of Hull


  • Garrison of Hull?


  • Garrison of Hull?


  • Garrison of Hull?


  • October to March 1649: Siege of Pontefract Castle


  • March: Taking of Pontefract Castle
  • Retained in army service


  • July: Invade Scotland under Cromwell
  • 3rd September: Battle of Dunbar
  • December: Mauleverer dies of the megrims at Edinburgh


  • June: Major General Richard Deane commissioned Colonel
  • September: Battle of Worcester
  • December: Return to Scotland?


  • July: Soldiers of the regiment in Fife


  • June: Deane killed in a naval Battle off the Gabbard, Salmon given command




  • August: March to Hull, apart from Capt Henry Watson's company left at Inverlochy and the Orkneys till the Restoration



  • May: Siege of Dunkirk (5 coy)
  • June: Battle of the Dunes (5 coy)?
  • June: Remainder of the regiment arrive in Flanders
  • Garrison of Dunkirk
  • November: Mutiny over pay and conditions is suppressed


  • January: Return to England, save 4 companies remaining at Dunkirk


  • Evelyn replaces Salmon
  • August: Cleveland replaces Evelyn
  • October: Disbanded


A history of the regiment is given in The Regimental History of Cromwell's Army by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940.

Colonel John Mauleverer raised a regiment of foot in 1643 or 1644, likely seeing action at the Second Siege of Hull. The regiment probably formed part of the garrison of Hull during the rest of the First Civil War. In 1648 they took part in the siege of Pontefract, under Lambert’s command then in 1649 were added to the army establishment.

In the Third Civil War the regiment invaded Scotland under Cromwell, perhaps fighting at Dunbar, then were passed to Maj Gen Deane after Mauleverer died at Edinburgh. Deane led the regiment at Worcester, where they were part of Fleetwood’s command.

During the 1650s they served in Scotland,with Salmon replacing Deane as colonel after he was killed at sea. In 1658 a detachment was sent to the siege of Dunkirk, and may have fought at the Battle of the Dunes. They remained in garrison at Dunkirk into 1659. During 1660 Salmon was replaced by Evelyn, then the Earl of Cleveland before the regiment were disbanded in the October.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Presumably they were issued with red coats.

Notable Officers

John Mauleverer

Mauleverer was colonel under Lord Fairfax in the Army of the Northern Association by 1644, and deputy governor of Hull. He served at the siege of Pontefract in the Second Civil War and led the regiment to Scotland, where he died in 1650.

Richard Deane

Edward Salmon

He was previously Lt Col of Sir Hardress Waller’s Regiment of Foot and probably didn’t join the regiment in Scotland.

Arthur Evelyn

Briefly colonel in 1660

Earl of Cleveland

Thomas Wentworth, First Earl of Cleveland had served as a Royalist cavalry commander in the First Civil War.


See Also