Colonel John Bright’s Regiment of Foot

Active1644 to 1660
CountryEngland
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Second Civil War
Third Civil War
TypeFoot
ColonelJohn Bright
John Lambert
Charles Fleetwood
John Lambert
William Eyres
Thomas Birch
Area RaisedYorkshire
Coat ColourGreen lined yellow
Red
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesLambert 1644
Fairfax 1644-5
Cromwell 1648
Cromwell 1650

Later, Colonel John Lambert’s, Charles Fleetwood’s, William Eyres’ and Thomas Birch’s Regiment of Foot

Parliamentarian regiment of foot of the Northern Association continuing to serve upto the Restoration

Service History

1644

  • January: Battle of Nantwich
  • March: Taking of Bradford
  • March: Battle of Hunslett
  • April: Storm of Selby
  • April to July: Siege of York
  • 2nd July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • July: Siege of York
  • July to August: Siege of Sheffield Castle
  • December to March 1645: Siege of Pontefract

1645

  • March: Battle of Pontefract

1646

1647

  • July: Still serving in the Northern Association, the regiment elect agitators

1648

  • August: Battle of Preston
  • August: Battle of Winwick Pass
  • September: Siege of Carlisle
  • October to March 1649: Siege of Pontefract

1649

  • March: Take Pontefract

1650

  • July: Quartered at Alnwick
  • July: Bright resigns, Lambert takes over
  • July: March on Scotland
  • September: Battle of Dunbar

1651

  • September: Battle of Worcester

1652

1653

1654

1655

1656

1657

  • July: Lambert dismissed, replaced by Fleetwood

1658

1659

  • May: Lambert re-instated
  • August: Battle of Winnington Bridge?

1660

  • January: Lambert replaced by Eyres
  • February: Put down mutiny by Sir Bryce Cochrane’s Regiment of Foot at Gravesend
  • Dispersed to Canterbury (5 coy), Dover (2 coy), Rye (2 coy) and Sandwich (1 coy)
  • Eyres replaced by Birch
  • October: Disbanded at St Neots

Notes

A history of the regiment is given in The Regimental History of Cromwell's Army by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940. Unusually the June 1646 muster describes the rank and file as “Centenells” suggesting they may have been a garrison at this point.

Coats and Flags

During the 1645 Battle of Pontefract, “Colonel Bright… his regiment was clothed in green, lined yellow, and he upon a white horse was observed to be active in ordering his men. Extract from George Fox's “The Three Sieges of Pontefract Castle, The First Siege, page 45” (ISBN 0946534047).

Red coats during the Commonwealth and Protectorate.

Notable Officers

Colonel John Bright

Colonel John Lambert

Colonel Charles Fleetwood

Colonel William Eyres

William Eyre of Neston

Colonel Thomas Birch

Captain John Hodgson

John Hodgson wrote an account of his Civil War experiences.

Officer Lists

First Civil War

  • Colonel John Bright
  • Lieutenant Colonel Simon Needham (06/12/45 - 20/07/46 Needham apparently took this reduction in rank to keep together the men of his old Regiment of Foot that had been reduced into Bright's)
  • Captain Lionel Fanshaw (02/07/44 - 24/06/45)1)
  • Captain William Jackson (Took over Needham's company from Constables regiment when it was reduced in to Bright's)2)

June 1646

  • Colonel John Bright3)
  • Lt Colonel Simon Needham
  • Major Andrew? Carter (The muster just gives Major Carter but is signed by Andrew Carter)
  • Captain (Henry) Pounall (Pownall)
  • Capt [John]4) Greenle[a]f
  • Captain John Clayton
  • Captain Coate
  • Captain Hewley
  • Captain Spencer

August 1648

  • Colonel: John Bright
  • Lt Colonel: Andrew Carter (?)
  • Major: Henry Pownall
  • Captain: John Hodgson (?)
  • Captain: Spencer
  • Captain: John Cobbett (?)
  • Captain: Lister

Strength

  • June 1646: 810 men + officers (plus a few men sick or absent)
  • 1660: 10 Companies

See Also

Bright's Regiment of Foot are re-enacted by John Bright's Regiment of Foote of the English Civil War Society.

1) N.A. SP28/46/278
2) N.A.SP28/253B/pt2/35
3) N.A. SP28/302/760 the second sheet of this muster is seperated at SP28/302/242
4) N.A. SP28/302/400