Colonel James Carr’s Regiment of Foot

Flag Illustration1)
Active1643 to 1646
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelJames Carr
Area RaisedSouth East
Coat ColourMulticoloured waistcoats
Flag ColourYellow
Flag DesignBlue Devices
Field ArmiesWaller 1643
Essex 1644

Parliamentarian Regiment of Foot briefly part of the Southern Association, later re-raised in Plymouth

Service History


  • August: Raised
  • November: Siege of Basing House?
  • December: Storm of Alton Church?
  • December: Siege of Arundel


  • March: Disbanded, possibly reduced into Ralph Weldon's Foot
  • Carr raises a new regiment in Plymouth
  • July: Battle of Horsebridge
  • August: Battle of Lostwithiel


  • Garrison of Plymouth


  • January to June?: Garrison of Plymouth
  • June 15th: Regiment reduced


Carr’s regiment of the Southern Association was not completed and was disbanded in March 1644.2) After Cheriton Carr was sent to be governor of Plymouth where he raised his regiment of foot successfully this time. Serving at Plymouth and with Essex on the Lostwithiel campaign. Some companies of the new regiment may have been reduced into Birch's foot, but elements of the regiment persisted in the Plymouth garrison into 1646.

Coats, Flags & Equipment

In 1644 Symonds noted Carr's Plymouth regiment carrying 11 yellow flags with blue devices, unfortunately he didn't note the nature of the devices 3).

In December 1644 several 'poor soldiers' of Carr's regiment, and probably other Plymouth garrison units, received waistcoats made from old wall-hanging's confiscated from Lord Astley's house in Plymouth.

Notable Officers

Colonel James Carr

A Scots professional soldier.

Officer Lists

First Regiment (In addition to those officers listed by Spring)4)

Second Regiment

Contemporary References

Astley & the waistcoats

From original research by Victor Judge aka BCW user 1642

SP28.128.17 Devon (extract)

30 old hangings taken out of Sir Jacob Astleys house and made into wastcoats, quantity 100 for the use of the poor souldiers by order


The Waistcoats were distributed to Parliamentary soldiers below.

December 23 1644

  • 6 souldiers of Lt.Col. Moors 6
  • Captain Bawdon 6 souldiers 6
  • Ensign Bickley for 4 souldiers of Lt. Boveys Co. 4
  • Captain Martin 6 of his souldiers 6
  • Ensign Lea for 6 souldiers of Lt. Col. Creims [?] Co. 6
  • Captain Basketts Lt. for 5 souldiers 5

Note: Astley owned a house in Plymouth, likely these are soldiers of the Plymouth garrison. Perhaps Lt Col Robert Moore BHO 'M' and Captain or Major Moreton of Colonel James Carr’s Regiment of Foot; John Bawden a Captain in Plymouth garrison, BHO 'B', Lt Col Ellis Crimes BHO 'C' of Plymouth garrison and just possibly Capt John Baskett of Colonel Thomas Carr’s Isle of Wight Regiment of Foot.


It would appear that in December 1643 despite being very weak and missing a number of captains the regiment still had a 10 company structure.10)

See Also

Carr's regiment are re-enacted by SMG James Carr hys Regiment of the Sealed Knot.

1) Flag images by kind permission of Wargames Designs
2) N.A. SP28/267/Pt1/112
3) ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525846
4) Laurence Spring's Waller's Army, The Regiments of Sir William Waller's Southern Association The Pike and Shot Association 2007 ISBN 978-1-902768-34-2
5) N.A. SP28/267/Pt1/114
6) , 7) , 10) N.A. SP28/144/pt8/8
8) Laurence Spring's Waller's Army, The Regiments of Sir William Waller's Southern Association The Pike and Shot Association 2007, pp154-5
9) N.A. SP28/265/296