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parliamentarian:foot-regiments:earl-of-essex [23/05/2014 10:20]
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parliamentarian:foot-regiments:earl-of-essex [26/01/2020 09:47] (current)
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 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
  
-**Also known as the Lord General’s Regiment of foot**+**Also known as the Lord General’s Regiment of foot and Old Robin'​s ​foot**
  
 //​Parliamentarian Regiment of Foot raised by the Earl of Essex that served on his campaigns throughout the First Civil War// //​Parliamentarian Regiment of Foot raised by the Earl of Essex that served on his campaigns throughout the First Civil War//
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 =====Notes===== =====Notes=====
 =====Coats, Flags and Equipment===== =====Coats, Flags and Equipment=====
-Essex'​s regiment wore orange tawney coats from September 1642 until re-clothed in an unknown colour in August 1643. In November 1644 Essex'​s regiment received new flags to replace those lost in Cornwall, these were orange with white mullets (five-pointed stars). After the First Battle of Newbury a set of orange colours with white eight-pointed stars (Illustration 1) was captured by the Royalists, that might have belonged to Essex'​s but this is uncertain ((//ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot//, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:​0946525846)). It should be noted that Capt Saunderson'​s Company that joined the Regiment in December 1642 had been previously issued with Watchet coloured coats and a flag of presumably different design to the rest of the Regiment+Essex'​s regiment wore orange tawney coats from September 1642 until re-clothed in an unknown colour in August 1643. In November 1644 Essex'​s regiment received new flags to replace those lost in Cornwall, these were orange with white mullets (five-pointed stars). After the First Battle of Newbury a set of orange colours with white eight-pointed stars (Illustration 1) was captured by the Royalists, that might have belonged to Essex'​s but this is uncertain ((//ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot//, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:​0946525846)). It should be noted that Capt Saunderson'​s Company that joined the Regiment in December 1642 had been previously issued with Watchet coloured coats and a flag of presumably different design to the rest of the Regiment
 + 
 +Although three of the Companies (Tyndall, Devereux and Turner'​s) are described as firelocks, it is possible they were only armed with bastard (i.e. lighter) muskets. As the numbers equate to the 300 bastard muskets issued to the regiment from the Tower stores and received by Tyndall 03/09/42. (N.A. WO55/​1937) ​
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
 ====Robert Devereaux, Third Earl of Essex==== ====Robert Devereaux, Third Earl of Essex====
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   *Lieutenant Colonel William Davies (Left Regt in June 1643. In May 1644 took over Col James Holborne'​s regt)   *Lieutenant Colonel William Davies (Left Regt in June 1643. In May 1644 took over Col James Holborne'​s regt)
   *Major John Bampfield   *Major John Bampfield
-  *Captain ​Sir Anthony St John [[www.historyofparliamentonline.org/​volume/​1604-1629/​member/​st-john-sir-anthony-1585-1651]]+  *Captain [[http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/​volume/​1604-1629/​member/​st-john-sir-anthony-1585-1651|Sir Anthony St John]]
   *Captain Christopher Mathews (given as Mathias in "The List of the Army" so possibly a foreign professional) ​   *Captain Christopher Mathews (given as Mathias in "The List of the Army" so possibly a foreign professional) ​
   *Captain John Skrimpshire   *Captain John Skrimpshire
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   *Captain Ambrose Tyndall (Firelocks)   *Captain Ambrose Tyndall (Firelocks)
   *Captain Nicholas Devereux (Firelocks)   *Captain Nicholas Devereux (Firelocks)
-(The 3 Firelock Companies were detached on the 18th October 1642 to become part of Colonel ​Middleton'​s ​Dragoon ​Regiment. Turner'​s Company were again mustered as part of the Regt on 21st November 1642. Tyndell ​returned to the regiment on the 22nd December taking over Captain John Skrimpshire'​s Company) ​+(The 3 Firelock Companies were detached on the 18th October 1642 to become part of [[parliamentarian:​dragoon-regiments:​col.-middleton|Col. John Middleton'​s Regiment ​of Dragoons]]. Turner'​s Company were again mustered as part of the Regt on 21st November 1642. Tyndall ​returned to the regiment on the 22nd December taking over Captain John Skrimpshire'​s Company) ​
  
   *Captain John Smith (Joined Regt in November 1642. Last known paydate June 1643 dead by December)   *Captain John Smith (Joined Regt in November 1642. Last known paydate June 1643 dead by December)
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   *Captain John Huson (Joined Regt in November 1642. Called Henry in one document) ​   *Captain John Huson (Joined Regt in November 1642. Called Henry in one document) ​
   *Captain Ambrose Tyndall (Left regiment 16/04/44 to become Lieutenant Colonel to Colonel Rowland Laugharne)   *Captain Ambrose Tyndall (Left regiment 16/04/44 to become Lieutenant Colonel to Colonel Rowland Laugharne)
-  *Captain Francis Hudson+  *Captain Francis Hudson ​(Joined Regt 21/​06/​43)((SP28/​36/​38))
   *Captain Mathew Scaltrick (Joined Regt in November 1642)   *Captain Mathew Scaltrick (Joined Regt in November 1642)
-  *Captain Isack Turvey ​+  *Captain Isack Turvey ​(Took over Ward's company of which he had been Lieutenant 18/05/43)
   *Captain John Lloyd (Captain by 30/05/43 possibly having taken over Robert Turner'​s Company (based on shared Lt). Lloyd had been Ensign of Essex'​s own Company in 1642)   *Captain John Lloyd (Captain by 30/05/43 possibly having taken over Robert Turner'​s Company (based on shared Lt). Lloyd had been Ensign of Essex'​s own Company in 1642)
   *Captain Henry Gawler (Joined Regt in November 1642, although another document claims his commission dated to 04/02/43)   *Captain Henry Gawler (Joined Regt in November 1642, although another document claims his commission dated to 04/02/43)
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   *Captain Henry Gawler (Killed at Second battle of Newbury)   *Captain Henry Gawler (Killed at Second battle of Newbury)
   *Captain Anthony Sanderson   *Captain Anthony Sanderson
-  *Captain Francis Hudson (died in service 19/09/44)+  *Captain Francis Hudson (died in service 19/09/44)((SP28/​36/​38))
   *Captain Isack Turvey   *Captain Isack Turvey
   *Captain John Horsey   *Captain John Horsey
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   *Captain ffoulke Muskett (NMA Fairfax'​s Regt)   *Captain ffoulke Muskett (NMA Fairfax'​s Regt)
   *Captain John Horsey (NMA Rainsborough'​s Regt)   *Captain John Horsey (NMA Rainsborough'​s Regt)
-  *Captaine Andrew Ward (Had been Ensign to Captain ​Andrew ​Ward in 1642. Commissioned Captain ​c.05/11/44) (NMA Ingoldsby'​s Regt) +  *Captaine Andrew Ward (Had been Ensign to Captain ​Thomas ​Ward in 1642. Commissioned Captain ​10/10/44) (NMA Ingoldsby'​s Regt) 
-  *Captain Warwick Bampfield (Intended as a Capt  Ingoldsby'​s Regt but objected to by the Lords for unkowm ​reasons and did not serve)+  *Captain Warwick Bampfield (Intended as a Capt  Ingoldsby'​s Regt but objected to by the Lords for unkown ​reasons and did not serve)
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
 +  *March 1644: 12 companies, intended to be 1500 men
 +  *October 1642: 934 rank and file(([[http://​journals.sagepub.com/​doi/​pdf/​10.1177/​0968344510365223|Aaron Graham. The Earl of Essex and Parliament’s Army at the Battle of Edgehill: A Reassessment. War in History 17(3) 276–293, 2010]]))
 =====See Also====== =====See Also======
 +  *[[parliamentarian:​dragoon-regiments:​col.-middleton|Col. John Middleton'​s Regiment of Dragoons]]
 ===== Links ===== ===== Links =====
 The Earl or Essex'​s Foot are re-enacted by the [[http://​www.earlofessex.org.uk/​|Earl of Essex Regiment]] of the English Civil War Society, the [[http://​myweb.tiscali.co.uk/​sparkles69/​lordgeneral/​|Lord General'​s]] Regiment of the Sealed Knot and by the Earl of Essex'​s Regiment of Foot of the [[http://​www.ecwsa.org/​|English Civil War Society of America]]. ​ The Earl or Essex'​s Foot are re-enacted by the [[http://​www.earlofessex.org.uk/​|Earl of Essex Regiment]] of the English Civil War Society, the [[http://​myweb.tiscali.co.uk/​sparkles69/​lordgeneral/​|Lord General'​s]] Regiment of the Sealed Knot and by the Earl of Essex'​s Regiment of Foot of the [[http://​www.ecwsa.org/​|English Civil War Society of America]]. ​