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Earl of Essex’s Regiment of Foot

Flag Illustration1)
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelEarl of Essex
Area Raised
Coat ColourTawney Orange
Flag ColourOrange
Flag DesignWhite stars
Field ArmiesEssex 1642-1645

Also known as the Lord General’s Regiment of foot

Parliamentarian Regiment of Foot raised by the Earl of Essex that served on his campaigns throughout the First Civil War

Service History


  • September: Battle of Edgehill
  • November: Standoff at Turnham Green
  • December: Taking of Marlow?


  • April: Siege of Reading
  • April: Battle of Caversham Bridge
  • September: First Battle of Newbury
  • November: Battle of Olney


  • January: Standoff at Aylesbury (det)?
  • July: Battle of Horsebridge
  • August: Battle of Lostwithiel
  • October: Second Battle of Newbury



Coats, Flags and Equipment

Essex's regiment wore orange tawney coats from September 1642 until re-clothed in an unknown colour in August 1643. In November 1644 Essex's regiment received new flags to replace those lost in Cornwall, these were orange with white mullets (five-pointed stars). After the First Battle of Newbury a set of orange colours with white eight-pointed stars (Illustration 1) was captured by the Royalists, that might have belonged to Essex's but this is uncertain 2).

Notable Officers

Robert Devereaux, Third Earl of Essex

Earl of Essex (1591-1646)


See Also

The Earl or Essex's Foot are re-enacted by the Earl of Essex Regiment of the English Civil War Society, the Lord General's Regiment of the Sealed Knot and by the Earl of Essex's Regiment of Foot of the English Civil War Society of America.

1) Flag image by kind permission of Wargames Designs
2) ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525846