Colonel Henry Bulstrode’s Regiment of Foot

Flag Illustration1)
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelHenry Bulstrode
Adam Cunningham
Richard Fortescue
Area Raised
Coat ColourRed or Grey?
Flag ColourGreen
Green or Crimson
Flag DesignUnknown
Field ArmiesEssex 1642-5

Later Colonel Adam Cunningham’s, then Colonel Richard Fortescue’s Regiment of Foot

Parliamentarian Regiment of Foot serving with Essex’s army

Service History


  • November: Standoff at Turnham Green
  • December: Regiment sent to Aylesbury


  • April: Siege of Reading
  • 8th September: Relief of Gloucester
  • 20th September: First Battle of Newbury


  • March: Battle of Cheriton
  • August: Battle of Lostwithiel
  • October: Second Battle of Newbury



Some of Colonel Charles Essex’s Regiment of Foot were reduced into Bulstrode’s. Mounted as dragoons for Cheriton. March 1644 one of Carleton's (ex-Langham's) companies attached to the regiment prior to Cheriton.


Bulstrode's regiment were issued coats in November 1642 of an unknown colour, then re-issued probably red or grey coats in August 1643 2). They carried green flags in September 1644 under Colonel Cunningham, devices are unknown. In November 1644, with the re-equipping of Essex's foot they were issued either green colours (with differences of yellow billets, yellow half moons or white diamonds), or crimson colours (with differences of yellow mullets or white balls).

Notable Officers

Colonel Henry Bulstrode

Colonel Adam Cunningham

Colonel Richard Fortescue

Richard Fortescue was formerly Sergeant-Major, he lead the Forlorn Hope at First Newbury. Promoted Colonel in September 1644 he led the regiment into the New Model Army.

Officer Lists

A list of officers is also shown in Laurence Spring's Waller's Army, The Regiments of Sir William Waller's Southern Association The Pike and Shot Association 2007 ISBN 978-1-902768-34-2

Col Henry Bulstrode

Original Officers

  • Colonel Henry Bulstrode
  • Lieutenant Adam Cunningham
  • Major unknown or not appointed
  • Captain [ ] Hall
  • Captain Richard Fortescue (10/11/42 - 10/01/43 He had previously served under Col Henry Martin)3)
  • Captain Thomas Bulstrode
  • Captain [ ] Hornihold
  • Captain [ ] Kirtle
  • Captain Ralph Williams
  • Major Richard Fortescue (promoted 10/01/43)4)
  • Captain Severinus Durfey (from 23/03/43 had been Capt-Lt)
  • Captain [ ] Enlaston (in Regiment at 1st Newbury where his ensign was killed)
  • Captain Edward Gittings (from 02/06/43)
  • Captain Thomas Hunt (07/03/43 - 30/09/43 (died from a wound he received at Newbury))
  • Captain William Shatlock (from 20/07/43)

Colonel Adam Cunningham

(Henry Bulstrode died 10th of August 1643 but the official change in command of the regiment may not have happened until 2nd October when both Fortescue and Bulstrode were promoted)

  • Colonel Adam Cunningham
  • Lieutenant Colonel Richard Fortescue (promoted 02/10/43)5)
  • Major Thomas Bulstrode
  • Captain John Backerfield (from 15/04/44)
  • Captain Severinus Durfey
  • Captain Humphrey Fownes (15/04/44 - 19/09/44 dec. previously under Sir William Constable)
  • Captain Edward Gittings
  • Captain Richard Lindsey? (In Peachey and Turton, source unknown)
  • Captain Jeffrey Richbell
  • Captain William Shatlock (until 10/11/43 dec.)

Colonel Richard Fortescue

(Cunningham was mortally wounded at the beginning of June 1644. Fortescue was promoted Colonel on 16th September 1644)6)

  • Colonel Richard Fortescue
  • Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Bulstrode
  • Major Jeffrey Richbell
  • Captain John Backerfield (until 04/02/45 killed at Culham Bridge)
  • Captain Severinus Durfey
  • Captain John Fownes (from 19/09/44)
  • Captain Edward Gittings
  • Captain Thomas Jennings (in list of Officers for the NMA had been Capt-Lt possibly took over from Backerfield)

(The entire regiment (excepting Backerfield) were intended to enter the NMA, but Bulstrode left to become Governor of Henley-on-Thames leading to promotions for Richbell and Durfey)


  • 10th November 1642: Commissioned with strength of 800
  • 12th December 1642: 717 men
  • 21st April 1643: 613 men
  • 15th June 1643: 562 men plus 60 recruits
  • 26th June 1643: 505 men
  • 20th July 1643: 448 men
  • 14th October 1643: 310 men
  • 16th October 1643: 274 men
  • 5th January 1644: 165 men
  • 19th January 1644: 141 men
  • 26th February 1644: 225 men
  • 2nd April 1644: 157 men plus 76 “absent on a party”
  • 15th May 1644: 782 men
  • 24th June 1644: 631 men

See Also

1) Flag images by kind permission of Wargames Designs
2) ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525846
3) , 4) , 5) , 6) N.A. SP28/49/259