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new-model-army:horse-regiments:john-butler [20/02/2017 19:12]
tim
new-model-army:horse-regiments:john-butler [14/05/2019 12:57] (current)
tim
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 <WRAP right> <WRAP right>
-|**Flag Illustration**|{{:​parliamentarian:pennyfather_horton.jpg?​200|}}((Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine))|+|**Illustration ​1**|{{:new-model-army:horse-regiments:​horton1.jpg?​200|}}((Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine))| 
 +|**Illustration 2**|{{:​new-model-army:​horse-regiments:​horton2.jpg?​200|}}((Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine))| 
 +|**Illustration 3**|{{:​new-model-army:​horse-regiments:​horton3.jpg?​200|}}((Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine))| 
 +|**Illustration 4**|{{:​new-model-army:​horse-regiments:​horton4.jpg?​200|}}((Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine))| 
 +|**Illustration 5**|{{:​new-model-army:​horse-regiments:​horton5.jpg?​200|}}((Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine))| 
 +|**Illustration 6**|{{:​new-model-army:​horse-regiments:​horton6.jpg?​200|}}((Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine))|
 |**Active**|1645 to 1659| |**Active**|1645 to 1659|
 |**Country**|England| |**Country**|England|
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 | |Thomas Horton| | |Thomas Horton|
 | |Jerome Sankey|  | |Jerome Sankey|
-|**Area Raised**||  +|**Area Raised**|London| 
-|**Flag Colour**|Green ​(Horton'​s)|  +| |Southern Association|  
-|**Flag Design**|| +|**Flag Colour**|Green|  
 +|**Flag Design**|See below|
 |**Field Armies**|NMA 1645-6| |**Field Armies**|NMA 1645-6|
 | |Horton 1648| | |Horton 1648|
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   *April: Selected by lot for service in Ireland   *April: Selected by lot for service in Ireland
   *August: Shipped to Ireland   *August: Shipped to Ireland
-  *September: ​Remains in garrison ​at Dublin+  *September: ​Arrive ​at Dublin ​while Cromwell is campaigning against Drogheda
   *October: Horton dies in Ireland and is replaced by Sankey   *October: Horton dies in Ireland and is replaced by Sankey
   *December: Skirmish at Passage Fort   *December: Skirmish at Passage Fort
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 A history of the regiment is given in //The Regimental History of Cromwell'​s Army// by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940.  A history of the regiment is given in //The Regimental History of Cromwell'​s Army// by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940. 
  
-The regiment was formed from [[parliamentarian:​horse-regiments:​sir-arthur-hesilrigge|Sir Arthur Hesilrigge’s Regiment of Horse]] of Waller’s army. At Naseby it was broken by the charge of Rupert’s wing, but went on to do good service in Fairfax’s western campaign. ​+The regiment was formed from [[parliamentarian:​horse-regiments:​sir-arthur-hesilrigge|Sir Arthur Hesilrigge’s Regiment of Horse]] of Waller’s army. At Naseby it was broken by the charge of Rupert’s wing, but went on to do good service in Fairfax’s western campaign. In 1647 Butler supported Parliament over the Army and in June he left the Army, being replaced by Horton
  
 In the Second Civil War Horton led a small force to South Wales, and the regiment were distinguished in his defeat of Laugharne’s larger force at the Battle of St. Fagan’s. They were then joined by Cromwell and participated in the sieges of Tenby and Pembroke. In 1649 the regiment were ordered to Ireland, sailing from Milford Haven. Horton soon died from a fever and was replaced by Jerome Sankey (or Zanchy). In the Second Civil War Horton led a small force to South Wales, and the regiment were distinguished in his defeat of Laugharne’s larger force at the Battle of St. Fagan’s. They were then joined by Cromwell and participated in the sieges of Tenby and Pembroke. In 1649 the regiment were ordered to Ireland, sailing from Milford Haven. Horton soon died from a fever and was replaced by Jerome Sankey (or Zanchy).
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 ===== Flags and Equipment===== ===== Flags and Equipment=====
-{{:​parliamentarian:​horton_rgt1.jpg?1000|}}+Butler'​s regiment were equipped as harquebusiers,​ not cuirassiers,​ in contrast to their earlier career as Hesilrigge'​s '​London Lobsters'​. 
 + 
 +It appears likely Butler'​s regiment retained green cornets they'd carried in Hesilrigge'​s regiment. Under Horton the cornets were replaced with a matching green set. Colonel Thomas Horton (Illustration 1) had a plain green cornet with green and white fringing. The troop cornets were green with the common theme of a armoured sword-wielding arm emerging from a cloud and a scroll but with additional individual devices and motto. These are illustrated above for Major Thomas Pennyfeather (2), Captain Essex (3), Captain John Godfrey (4), Captain Elijah Greene (5) and Captain Arnall (6)
  
-Were equipped as harquebusiers,​ not cuirassiers,​ in contrast to their earlier career as Hesilrigge'​s '​London Lobsters'​. 
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
  
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   *Captain: Samuel Gardiner   *Captain: Samuel Gardiner
   *Captain: Walter Perry, replaced by Walter Bethel by Dec 1646   *Captain: Walter Perry, replaced by Walter Bethel by Dec 1646
 +
 +===Post-1647 under Horton===
 +
 +  *Colonel: Thomas Horton
 +  *Major: Thomas Pennyfeather
 +  *Captain: Essex
 +  *Captain: John Godfrey
 +  *Captain: Elijah Greene
 +  *Captain: Arnall
  
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====