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new-model-army:horse-regiments:john-butler [13/11/2016 11:53]
tim
new-model-army:horse-regiments:john-butler [14/05/2019 12:57] (current)
tim
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 <WRAP right> <WRAP right>
 +|**Illustration 1**|{{:​new-model-army:​horse-regiments:​horton1.jpg?​200|}}((Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine))| 
 +|**Illustration 2**|{{:​new-model-army:​horse-regiments:​horton2.jpg?​200|}}((Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine))| 
 +|**Illustration 3**|{{:​new-model-army:​horse-regiments:​horton3.jpg?​200|}}((Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine))| 
 +|**Illustration 4**|{{:​new-model-army:​horse-regiments:​horton4.jpg?​200|}}((Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine))| 
 +|**Illustration 5**|{{:​new-model-army:​horse-regiments:​horton5.jpg?​200|}}((Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine))| 
 +|**Illustration 6**|{{:​new-model-army:​horse-regiments:​horton6.jpg?​200|}}((Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine))|
 |**Active**|1645 to 1659| |**Active**|1645 to 1659|
 |**Country**|England| |**Country**|England|
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 | |Thomas Horton| | |Thomas Horton|
 | |Jerome Sankey|  | |Jerome Sankey|
-|**Area Raised**||  +|**Area Raised**|London| 
-|**Flag Colour**|Green ​(Horton'​s)|  +| |Southern Association|  
-|**Flag Design**|| +|**Flag Colour**|Green|  
 +|**Flag Design**|See below|
 |**Field Armies**|NMA 1645-6| |**Field Armies**|NMA 1645-6|
 | |Horton 1648| | |Horton 1648|
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   *April: Selected by lot for service in Ireland   *April: Selected by lot for service in Ireland
   *August: Shipped to Ireland   *August: Shipped to Ireland
 +  *September: Arrive at Dublin while Cromwell is campaigning against Drogheda
   *October: Horton dies in Ireland and is replaced by Sankey   *October: Horton dies in Ireland and is replaced by Sankey
   *December: Skirmish at Passage Fort   *December: Skirmish at Passage Fort
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 A history of the regiment is given in //The Regimental History of Cromwell'​s Army// by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940.  A history of the regiment is given in //The Regimental History of Cromwell'​s Army// by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940. 
  
-The regiment was formed from [[parliamentarian:​horse-regiments:​sir-arthur-hesilrigge|Sir Arthur Hesilrigge’s Regiment of Horse]] of Waller’s army. At Naseby it was broken by the charge of Rupert’s wing, but went on to do good service in Fairfax’s western campaign. ​+The regiment was formed from [[parliamentarian:​horse-regiments:​sir-arthur-hesilrigge|Sir Arthur Hesilrigge’s Regiment of Horse]] of Waller’s army. At Naseby it was broken by the charge of Rupert’s wing, but went on to do good service in Fairfax’s western campaign. In 1647 Butler supported Parliament over the Army and in June he left the Army, being replaced by Horton
  
 In the Second Civil War Horton led a small force to South Wales, and the regiment were distinguished in his defeat of Laugharne’s larger force at the Battle of St. Fagan’s. They were then joined by Cromwell and participated in the sieges of Tenby and Pembroke. In 1649 the regiment were ordered to Ireland, sailing from Milford Haven. Horton soon died from a fever and was replaced by Jerome Sankey (or Zanchy). In the Second Civil War Horton led a small force to South Wales, and the regiment were distinguished in his defeat of Laugharne’s larger force at the Battle of St. Fagan’s. They were then joined by Cromwell and participated in the sieges of Tenby and Pembroke. In 1649 the regiment were ordered to Ireland, sailing from Milford Haven. Horton soon died from a fever and was replaced by Jerome Sankey (or Zanchy).
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 ===== Flags and Equipment===== ===== Flags and Equipment=====
-Were equipped as harquebusiers,​ not cuirassiers,​ in contrast to their earlier career as Hesilrigge'​s '​London Lobsters'​.+Butler'​s regiment were equipped as harquebusiers,​ not cuirassiers,​ in contrast to their earlier career as Hesilrigge'​s '​London Lobsters'​. 
 + 
 +It appears likely Butler'​s regiment retained green cornets they'd carried in Hesilrigge'​s regiment. Under Horton the cornets were replaced with a matching green set. Colonel Thomas Horton (Illustration 1) had a plain green cornet with green and white fringing. The troop cornets were green with the common theme of a armoured sword-wielding arm emerging from a cloud and a scroll but with additional individual devices and motto. These are illustrated above for Major Thomas Pennyfeather (2), Captain Essex (3), Captain John Godfrey (4), Captain Elijah Greene (5) and Captain Arnall (6).  
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
-Lists of officers for April and May 1645, December 1646, May and August 1647 and May 1649 are shown in //​Reconstructing the New Model Army. Volume 1, Regimental Lists April 1645 to May 1649// by Malcolm Wanklyn, Helion & Co. 2015. ISBN 978-1-910777-10-7. ​ 
  
 ====Colonel John Butler==== ====Colonel John Butler====
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 [[http://​www.british-civil-wars.co.uk/​biog/​horton.htm|Thomas Horton]] (1603-1649) served in Hessilrigge'​s Regiment of horse, then as Major under Butler, replacing him as Colonel in 1647. He comprehensively defeated the South Wales Royalists in 1648, then took the regiment to Ireland where he died ‘of the country disease’ according to Cromwell, in October 1649. [[http://​www.british-civil-wars.co.uk/​biog/​horton.htm|Thomas Horton]] (1603-1649) served in Hessilrigge'​s Regiment of horse, then as Major under Butler, replacing him as Colonel in 1647. He comprehensively defeated the South Wales Royalists in 1648, then took the regiment to Ireland where he died ‘of the country disease’ according to Cromwell, in October 1649.
 ====Colonel Jerome Sankey==== ====Colonel Jerome Sankey====
-[[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Jerome_Sankey|Jerome Sankey]] (d 1687) (or, variously Hierome Zanchey) originally from Shropshire was educated at Cambridge but excelled mainly in cudgelling and foot-ball-playing. He served in Sir William Brereton’s regiment of horse, leading the Colonel’s troop in 1645. Replacing Horton in Ireland he captured the renegade Colonel Edward Wogan near Cork and was later governor of Clonmel where he was accused of various cruelties. He returned to England in 1659 and supported Lambert, but was removed from command by Monck. He quarrelled ​with Sir William Petty in 1659 and, on challenging the notoriously short-sighted Petty to a duel, was accepted with the conditions stipulated being a dark cellar and both parties armed with a carpenter’s axe. The situation was considered so ridiculous that the matter came to nought. ​+[[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Jerome_Sankey|Jerome Sankey]] (d 1687) (or, variously Hierome Zanchey) originally from Shropshire was educated at Cambridge but excelled mainly in cudgelling and foot-ball-playing. He served in Sir William Brereton’s regiment of horse, leading the Colonel’s troop in 1645. Replacing Horton in Ireland he captured the renegade Colonel Edward Wogan near Cork and was later governor of Clonmel where he was accused of various cruelties. He returned to England in 1659 and supported Lambert, but was removed from command by Monck. He quarreled ​with Sir William Petty in 1659 and, on challenging the notoriously short-sighted Petty to a duel, was accepted with the conditions stipulated being a dark cellar and both parties armed with a carpenter’s axe. The situation was considered so ridiculous that the matter came to nought. ​ 
 +====Officer Lists==== 
 +More detailed lists of officers for April and May 1645, December 1646, May and August 1647 and May 1649 are shown in //​Reconstructing the New Model Army. Volume 1, Regimental Lists April 1645 to May 1649// by Malcolm Wanklyn, Helion & Co. 2015. ISBN 978-1-910777-10-7.  
 +===May 1645 and December 1646=== 
 +From //Anglia Rediviva//​((Sprigge,​ Joshua, Anglia Rediviva, London 1647)) 
 + 
 +  *Colonel: John Butler 
 +  *Major: Thomas Horton 
 +  *Captain: Edward Foley 
 +  *Captain: Thomas Pennyfeather 
 +  *Captain: Samuel Gardiner 
 +  *Captain: Walter Perry, replaced by Walter Bethel by Dec 1646 
 + 
 +===Post-1647 under Horton=== 
 + 
 +  *Colonel: Thomas Horton 
 +  *Major: Thomas Pennyfeather 
 +  *Captain: Essex 
 +  *Captain: John Godfrey 
 +  *Captain: Elijah Greene 
 +  *Captain: Arnall 
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
   *1645: Established at six troops   *1645: Established at six troops