Colonel Edward Rossiter’s Regiment of Horse

Illustration 11)
Illustration 22)
Illustration 33)
Illustration 44)
Illustration 55)
Illustration 66)
Active1645 to 1660
CountryEngland
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Second Civil War
Third Civil War
Glencairn’s Rising
Restoration
TypeHorse
ColonelEdward Rossiter
Philip Twistleton
John Clobery
Area RaisedLincolnshire
Flag ColourWhite
Flag DesignSee below
Field ArmiesNMA 1645
Lambert 1648
Cromwell 1650-51
Monck 1653-54
Monck 1659-60

Later Colonel Philip Twisleton’s then Colonel John Clobery’s Regiment of Horse

New Model Army regiment of horse serving in the First, Second and Third Civil Wars then in England and Scotland

Service History

1645

  • April: Formed from Colonel Edward Rossiter's Regiment of Horse from Lincolnshire
  • June: Battle of Naseby
  • June: Siege of Leicester
  • September: Battle of Rowton Heath
  • October: Skirmish at Belvoir Bridge and Walton
  • November to February: Siege of Belvoir Castle?

1646

  • February: Taking of Belvoir Castle?

1647

  • Guard King Charles at Holdenby House
  • August: March to Southwark
  • August: Rossiter replaced by Twisleton

1648

  • May: At Otley
  • August: Battle of Preston
  • August: Battle of Winwick Pass
  • Garrison Belvoir Castle (Markham’s troop)
  • October to November: In Scotland

1649

  • September: Quartered at Lincoln, Rutland, Leicester and Nottingham

1650

  • July: Invade Scotland under Cromwell
  • 3rd September: Battle of Dunbar

1651

  • September: Battle of Worcester

1652

  • Sent to Scotland

1653

  • December: Skirmish at Bothwick Brae

1654

  • February: Skirmish at Dunkeld
  • October: Return to England

1655

  • March: Sent to suppress Penruddock’s rising (2 troops)

1656

  • Serving in England

1657

  • Serving in England

1658

  • August: Sent to Scotland

1659

  • November: Re-organised by Monck

1660

  • January: Clobery appointed Colonel by Monck
  • January: March on London
  • February: Enter London
  • February: Quartered at Southwark, Bishopsgate Street and Smithfield
  • October: Disbanded in Lincolnshire

Notes

A history of the regiment is given in The Regimental History of Cromwell's Army by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940.

The regiment was formed from Colonel Edward Rossiter’s regiment of horse, the odd one out of the New Model Army, not previously being part of Essex’s, Manchester’s or Waller’s field armies. The regiment fought at Naseby then in the North and Midlands.

In 1647 Rossiter was dismissed following the turmoil in the army, replaced by Twisleton. At the start of the Second Civil War the regiment formed part of Lambert’s force, fighting at Preston. In 1650 they formed part of Cromwell’s force for the invasion of Scotland, Battle of Dunbar and the Battle of Worcester.

The regiment were sent to Scotland in 1653, serving with Generals Monck and Morgan and helping to put down Glencairn’s rising in 1654. Returning to England they marched West in 1655 to suppress Penruddock’s rising but arrived after Penruddock’s defeat. Back in Scotland again but without their Colonel, Monck reorganised the regiment to remove potential opponents and appointed Clobery, a close supporter, as new Colonel. Marching on London with Monck they were disbanded in October 1660 in the regiment’s home county of Lincolnshire.

Flags and Equipment

Under Twistleton the regiment were given a new set of white cornets with black and white fringing. Colonel Philip Twisleton's cornet was plain white (Illustration 1), the troop cornets were distinguished by different images and mottos on gold scrolls: Major James Berry (Illustration 2), Captain Pearte (3), Captain Owen Cambridge (4), Captain Nelthorpe (5) and Captain Hezekiah Haines (6)7).

Notable Officers

Colonel Edward Rossiter

Colonel Philip Twisleton

Major to Colonel Rossiter, he was promoted to Colonel when Rossiter was dismissed

Colonel John Clobery

John Clobery or Cloberrry, was previously Lieutenant Colonel of Reade’s Regiment of Foot and was promoted to Colonel due to being a close confidant of General Monck.

Officer Lists

More detailed lists of officers for April and May 1645, December 1646, May and August 1647 and May 1649 are shown in Reconstructing the New Model Army. Volume 1, Regimental Lists April 1645 to May 1649 by Malcolm Wanklyn, Helion & Co. 2015. ISBN 978-1-910777-10-7.

May 1645 and December 1646

From Anglia Rediviva8)

  • Colonel: Edward Rossiter
  • Major: Philip Twistleton
  • Captain: Anthony Markham
  • Captain: John Nelthorpe
  • Captain: Original Peart
  • Captain: Henry Markham

August 1648

  • Colonel: Philip Twisleton
  • Major: James Berry
  • Captain: Henry Markham
  • Captain: Owen Cambridge
  • Captain: John Nelthorpe
  • Captain: Bushey
  • Captain: Pearte

Under Twistleton

  • Colonel: Philip Twisleton
  • Major: James Berry
  • Captain Pearte
  • Captain Owen Cambridge
  • Captain Nelthorpe
  • Captain Hezekiah Haines

Strength

  • 1645: Established at six troops

See Also

1) , 2) , 3) , 4) , 5) , 6) Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine
7) The English Emblem Tradition, Vol 3 Emblematic flag devices of the English Civil Wars 1642-1660. Alan R. Young, Toronto 1995, ISBN 0-8020-5739-X
8) Sprigge, Joshua, Anglia Rediviva, London 1647