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new-model-army:horse-regiments:col.-edward-whalley [09/12/2012 01:46] (current)
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 +======Colonel Edward Whalley’s Regiment of Horse ======
 +
 +<WRAP right>
 +
 +|**Active**|1645 to 1660|
 +|**Country**|England|
 +|**Allegiance**|Parliamentarian|
 +|**Conflicts**|First Civil War|
 +| |Second Civil War|
 +| |Third Civil War|
 +| |Glencairn’s Rising|
 +| |Booth’s Rising|
 +|**Type**|Horse|
 +|**Colonel**|Edward Whalley|
 +| |Robert Swallow|
 +| |Thomas Saunders|
 +| |Lord Falkland|
 +|**Area Raised**|East Anglia|
 +|**Flag Colour**||
 +|**Flag Design**| |
 +|**Field Armies**|NMA 1645-6|
 +| |Cromwell 1648|
 +| |Cromwell 1651|
 +</​WRAP>​
 +
 +**Later Colonel Robert Swallow’s,​ Thomas Saunders’ then Lord Falkland’s Regiment of Horse **
 +
 +//New Model Army regiment of horse serving in the First, Second and Third Civil Wars and in defeating Glencairn'​s and Booth'​s risings//
 +
 +===== Service History =====
 +
 +====1645====
 +  *April: Formed from Lt Gen Oliver Cromwell’s Regiment of Manchester’s Army
 +  *May: Skirmish at Radcot Bridge
 +  *June: Battle of Naseby
 +  *June: Siege of Leicester
 +  *July: Battle of Langport
 +  *August to September: Siege of Bristol
 +  *December: Quartered around Islip
 +
 +====1646====
 +  *January to May: Siege of Banbury Castle
 +  *May to July: Siege of Worcester
 +
 +====1647====
 +  *April: Whalley supports the complaints of his men
 +  *June to November: Guard King Charles
 +  *November: Muster at Kingston
 +
 +====1648====
 +  *May: Suppress rising at Bury St Edmunds
 +  *June: Battle of Maidstone
 +  *June: Skirmish at Blackheath?
 +  *June to August: Siege of Colchester
 +  *December: Enter London with Fairfax
 +
 +====1649====
 +  *April: Thirty of the regiment mutiny at the Bull Inn in Bishopsgate Street
 +  *May: The regiment opposes the Levellers
 +
 +====1650====
 +  *July: Invade Scotland under Cromwell
 +  *July: Skirmish at Musselburgh
 +  *September: Battle of Dunbar
 +  *October: At Carlisle
 +  *November: Join Lambert’s force
 +  *December: Battle of Hamilton
 +
 +====1651====
 +  *Quartered in Ayr
 +  *September: Battle of Worcester
 +
 +====1652====
 +====1653====
 +====1654====
 +  *February: Serving in Scotland during Glencairn’s rising
 +  *September: Capture Glancairn at Dumbarton?
 +====1655====
 +  *April: Return to England, quartered at York
 +====1656====
 +====1657====
 +====1658====
 +====1659====
 +  *April: The regiment, unlike Whalley, side with Fleetwood not Richard Cromwell
 +  *April: Whalley replaced by Robert Swallow
 +  *August: Battle of Winnington Bridge
 +  *August: Take Chester
 +====1660====
 +  *February: Swallow replaced by Thomas Saunders
 +  *April: Sherman’s troop at Nottingham, refuse to join Lambert
 +  *June: Saunders replaced by Lord Falkland
 +  *November: Three troops disbanded in Scotland
 +  *December: Remaining three troops disbanded
 +
 +=====Notes=====
 +A history of the regiment is given in //The Regimental History of Cromwell'​s Army// by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940.
 +
 +The regiment was formed from Cromwell’s Ironsides of Manchester’s army. Victorious at Naseby, they particularly distinguished themselves in a charge led by Major Bethel at the Battle of Langport. They went on to fight at the siege of Bristol, where Bethel was killed, then were sent to Oxfordshire,​ serving at the sieges of Banbury and Worcester.  ​
 +
 +In the Second Civil War the regiment accompanied Fairfax in Kent and Essex. In the Third Civil War they formed part of Cromwell’s army fighting bravely at Dunbar and at Worcester. ​
 +
 +They spent 1654 in Scotland dealing with Glencairn’s rising, returning to England in 1655. In 1659 Whalley was replaced by Swallow and the regiment helped defeat Booth’s rising. ​ In 1660 Swallow was replaced by first Colonel Thomas Saunders, then Lord Falkland, before the regiment was disbanded in November and December. ​
 +
 +===== Flags and Equipment=====
 +In May 1649 they wore blue ribbons in their hats as a sign of allegiance to Fairfax, rather than the sea green and black of the Levellers. ​
 +=====Notable Officers=====
 +====Colonel Edward Whalley====
 +[[http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Edward_Whalley|Edward Whalley]]
 +====Colonel Robert Swallow====
 +One of the captains of Cromwell’s regiment in the Eastern Association,​ he was Major at the time of Whalley’s dismissal and was appointed Colonel.
 +====Colonel Thomas Saunders====
 +Briefly Colonel replacing Swallow.
 +====Lord Falkland====
 +Briefly Colonel replacing Saunders until disbandment. ​
 +=====Strength=====
 +  *1645: Established at six troops
 +=====See Also======
 +===== Links =====