Differences

This shows you the differences between two versions of the page.

Link to this comparison view

new-model-army:horse-regiments:charles-fleetwood [21/01/2014 17:03]
daveplant
new-model-army:horse-regiments:charles-fleetwood [02/05/2017 01:22] (current)
tim
Line 13: Line 13:
 | |Sir Anthony Ashley Cooper|  | |Sir Anthony Ashley Cooper|
 |**Area Raised**|East Anglia|  |**Area Raised**|East Anglia|
-|**Flag Colour**||  +|**Flag Colour**|Blue?|  
-|**Flag Design**| | +|**Flag Design**|See below|
 |**Field Armies**|NMA 1645-6| |**Field Armies**|NMA 1645-6|
 | |Fairfax 1648| | |Fairfax 1648|
Line 53: Line 53:
   *June: Battle of Maidstone?   *June: Battle of Maidstone?
   *June: Garrison of Yarmouth (2 troops)   *June: Garrison of Yarmouth (2 troops)
-  *June to August: Siege of Colchester+  ​*June to August: garrison of Lynn (1 troop) 
 +  ​*June to August: Siege of Colchester ​(5 troops led by Maj. Coleman)
  
 ====1649==== ====1649====
Line 96: Line 97:
 A history of the regiment is given in //The Regimental History of Cromwell'​s Army// by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940.  A history of the regiment is given in //The Regimental History of Cromwell'​s Army// by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940. 
  
-The regiment was formed from Fleetwood’s Regiment of Horse of Manchester’s army and was said to be composed chiefly of Independents;​ //Look on Col. Fleetwoods regiment with his Major Harreson, what a cluster of preaching offecers and troopers ther is//.  After the Naseby, Langport and the siege of Bristol the regiment returned east, besieging remaining Royalist strongholds. Quartered at Islip, they prevented the Oxford horse from breaking out to join with Lord Astley, not involved directly in the Battle of Stow on the Wold, they nonetheless captured many fugitives. ​+The regiment was formed from Fleetwood’s Regiment of Horse of Manchester’s army and was said to be composed chiefly of Independents;​ //Look on Col. Fleetwoods regiment with his Major Harreson, what a cluster of preaching offecers and troopers ther is//.  After the Battle of Naseby, Langport and the siege of Bristol the regiment returned east, besieging remaining Royalist strongholds. Quartered at Islip, they prevented the Oxford horse from breaking out to join with Lord Astley. Not involved directly in the Battle of Stow on the Wold, they nonetheless captured many fugitives. ​
  
 In the Second Civil War they served in East Anglia then joined Fairfax. In 1650-51 the regiment accompanied Cromwell in his invasion of Scotland and victory at Worcester. They returned to Scotland in 1655-7. At the restoration they were initially in London but were ordered to the West Country by Monck and were disbanded in November 1660.  In the Second Civil War they served in East Anglia then joined Fairfax. In 1650-51 the regiment accompanied Cromwell in his invasion of Scotland and victory at Worcester. They returned to Scotland in 1655-7. At the restoration they were initially in London but were ordered to the West Country by Monck and were disbanded in November 1660. 
  
 ===== Flags and Equipment===== ===== Flags and Equipment=====
 +In the Eastern Association Colonel Fleetwood'​s cornet was blue with a blue and yellow fringe, it showed an arm wielding a sword emerging from a cloud and the motto on a scroll //GOD IS MY STRENGTH//​((The Regiments of the Eastern Association Vol. 1, Laurence Spring, Stuart Press 1998 ISBN 1 85804 119 8)). Whether Fleetwood kept the same design in the New Model Army is uncertain.
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
 +
 ====Colonel Charles Fleetwood==== ====Colonel Charles Fleetwood====
 [[http://​bcw-project.org/​biography/​charles-fleetwood|Charles Fleetwood]] (c 1618-1692) was at the Inns of Court at the outbreak of the First Civil War and joined The Earl of Essex’s Lifeguard troop. By 1643 he was a captain of horse, was wounded at First Newbury and in 1644 was made colonel of horse in the Earl of Manchester’s army of the Eastern Association. In 1649 he was governor of the Isle of Wight, then in 1650 was appointed Lieutenant General of the Horse for Cromwell'​s Scottish campaign. Fleetwood married Bridget, Cromwell'​s daughter, in 1652 and was commander-in-chief in Ireland, appointed Lord-Deputy in 1654 but recalled in 1655. He was Major General of Hertfordshire,​ Oxfordshire,​ Buckinghamshire and East Anglia. After Oliver Cromwell'​s death in 1658, he supported Richard Cromwell for a while but soon challenged his authority, thus dissolving the Protectorate. He was appointed Commander-in-Chief in June 1659, but was replaced by a commission of seven members more acceptable to Parliament. Fleetwood supported Lambert and was again appointed Commander-in-Chief,​ effectively leading the ruling junta but opposed on all sides he acquiesced to the recall of Parliament on the 6th of December 1659. After the Restoration he was barred from public office and retired peacefully to Stoke Newington. ​ [[http://​bcw-project.org/​biography/​charles-fleetwood|Charles Fleetwood]] (c 1618-1692) was at the Inns of Court at the outbreak of the First Civil War and joined The Earl of Essex’s Lifeguard troop. By 1643 he was a captain of horse, was wounded at First Newbury and in 1644 was made colonel of horse in the Earl of Manchester’s army of the Eastern Association. In 1649 he was governor of the Isle of Wight, then in 1650 was appointed Lieutenant General of the Horse for Cromwell'​s Scottish campaign. Fleetwood married Bridget, Cromwell'​s daughter, in 1652 and was commander-in-chief in Ireland, appointed Lord-Deputy in 1654 but recalled in 1655. He was Major General of Hertfordshire,​ Oxfordshire,​ Buckinghamshire and East Anglia. After Oliver Cromwell'​s death in 1658, he supported Richard Cromwell for a while but soon challenged his authority, thus dissolving the Protectorate. He was appointed Commander-in-Chief in June 1659, but was replaced by a commission of seven members more acceptable to Parliament. Fleetwood supported Lambert and was again appointed Commander-in-Chief,​ effectively leading the ruling junta but opposed on all sides he acquiesced to the recall of Parliament on the 6th of December 1659. After the Restoration he was barred from public office and retired peacefully to Stoke Newington. ​
Line 108: Line 111:
 ====Hezekiah Haynes==== ====Hezekiah Haynes====
 [[http://​bcw-project.org/​biography/​hezekiah-haynes|Hezekiah Haynes]] served as major to the regiment and was Major General for East Anglia. ​ [[http://​bcw-project.org/​biography/​hezekiah-haynes|Hezekiah Haynes]] served as major to the regiment and was Major General for East Anglia. ​
 +
 +====Officer Lists====
 +More detailed lists of officers for April and May 1645, December 1646, May and August 1647 and May 1649 are shown in //​Reconstructing the New Model Army. Volume 1, Regimental Lists April 1645 to May 1649// by Malcolm Wanklyn, Helion & Co. 2015. ISBN 978-1-910777-10-7. ​
 +===May 1645 and December 1646===
 +From //Anglia Rediviva//​((Sprigge,​ Joshua, Anglia Rediviva, London 1647))
 +  *Colonel: Charles Fleetwood
 +  *Major: Thomas Harrison
 +  *Captain: William Coleman (Major by 1648)
 +  *Captain: Thomas Selby, replaced by Capt. Laughton by Dec 1646
 +  *Captain: Richard Sankey
 +  *Captain: Thomas Howard
 +
 +===1656===
 +The Lord Deputy Charles Fleetwood'​s Regiment of Horse((Worcester College Oxford, Clarke Manuscripts))
 +  *Colonel'​s troop at Kelso "of which 6 are" the Bog of Geeth
 +  *Major Hezekiah Haynes'​ troop at Jedburgh
 +  *Captain Joseph Blissett'​s troop at Peebles & Selkirk
 +  *Thomas Izond'​s troop, the one half at Dumfalin & Falkland, the other half at Burntiland
 +  *Griffith Lloyd'​s troop at Dumfries
 +  *Thomas Else's troop, the one half at Cooper-in-Firfe,​ the other half at Enstruther
 +
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
   *1645: Established at six troops   *1645: Established at six troops