Sir Hardress Waller’s Regiment of Foot

Flag Illustration1)
Active1645 to 1660
CountryEngland
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Irish Confederate War
TypeFoot
ColonelSir Hardress Waller
John Clarke
Area Raised
Coat ColourRed
Flag ColourBlack
Flag DesignUnknown
Field ArmiesNMA 1645-6
Cromwell 1650-51

Also Colonel John Clarke’s Regiment of Foot

New Model Army regiment of foot, serving in the First Civil War and thereafter in Ireland, with a detachment sent to invade Jersey

Service History

1645

  • 14th June: Battle of Naseby
  • June: Siege of Leicester
  • July: Battle of Langport
  • July: Siege of Bridgewater
  • July to August: Siege of Sherborne Castle?
  • August to September: Siege of Bristol
  • September: Siege of Devizes
  • September: Siege of Lacock House
  • September to October: Siege of Winchester
  • 14th October: Third Siege of Basing House
  • October to April 1646: Siege of Exeter
  • December: Quartered at Crediton

1646

  • January: Skirmish at Bow?
  • May to June: Siege of Oxford

1647

  • May: Supports the Army

1648

  • March: Quartered at Exeter, to the annoyance of the mayor
  • May: Suppress disturbances in Cornwall
  • 6 December: Waller and Hewson's regiments guard the approaches to Parliament during Pride's Purge.

1649

  • December: Waller leads five companies to Ireland, landing at Kinsale

1650

  • July: Siege of Carlow Castle?
  • September to October: Siege of Limerick
  • In England, Clarke promoted Colonel of the remaining five companies and recruits them up to a full regiment

1651

  • September: Waller reinforced by five companies of Duckenfield’s Cheshire Regiment
  • October: Six companies from England in the invasion of Jersey under Maj Ebsery
  • November: Companies left in England under Clarke again to be made up to a full regiment

1652

  • June: Clarke’s regiment land at Waterford

1653

1654

1655

  • Three of Waller’s companies disbanded and allotted land in County Wexford
  • Clarke’s regiment disbanded in Ireland though he retains command of some loose companies

1656

1657

1658

1659

  • December: Surprise Dublin Castle?

1660

  • February: Surprised at Dublin Castle?
  • Coote appoints another Colonel
  • Converted to unregimented companies at the Restoration

Notes

A history of the regiment is given in The Regimental History of Cromwell's Army by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940.

Sir Hardress Waller’s New Model Army regiment was formed from his own regiment of foot with the addition of James Holborne’s regiment of Sir William Waller’s Southern Association, originally raised by Sir Arthur Hesilrigge. They fought at Naseby and on Fairfax’s Western campaign, were detached for siege work under Cromwell and served at the siege of Oxford.

In 1648 they were quartered in the West Country, then in 1649 Waller led five companies to Ireland. The remainder of the regiment in England under Clarke was built up to a full regiment and detached six companies to invade Jersey in 1651. Again the companies in England were recruited up to a full regiment, and in 1652, under Clarke, were sent to Ireland, but disbanded in 1655.

Waller’s regiment served in Ireland until the Restoration, when a new (unknown) colonel was appointed , then the regiment was broken up into individual companies, remaining in garrison in Ireland.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Red coats. At the siege of Basing House in October 1645 they are referred to as the black regiment, almost certainly referring to the colour of their flags 2).

Notable Officers

Sir Hardress Waller

Sir Hardress Waller Cousin of Sir William Waller with interests in Ireland. He seconded Colonel Pride during Pride's Purge and was a signatory of the King's death warrant. Imprisoned for life at the Restoration.

Colonel John Clarke

Officer Lists

More detailed lists of officers for April and May 1645, December 1646, May and August 1647 and May 1649 are shown in Reconstructing the New Model Army. Volume 1, Regimental Lists April 1645 to May 1649 by Malcolm Wanklyn, Helion & Co. 2015. ISBN 978-1-910777-10-7.

May 1645

From Anglia Rediviva3)

  • Colonel: Sir Hardress Waller
  • Lieutenant Colonel: Ralph Cottesworth
  • Major: Thomas Smith
  • Captain: Howard
  • Captain: Wade
  • Captain: Hill
  • Captain: Gorges
  • Captain: John? Clark
  • Captain: Thomas
  • Captain: Richard Hodden

December 1646

From Anglia Rediviva4)

  • Colonel: Sir Hardress Waller
  • Lieutenant Colonel: Edward Salmon
  • Major: Thomas Smith
  • Captain: Howard
  • Captain: Wade
  • Captain: Aske
  • Captain: Gorges
  • Captain: John? Clark
  • Captain: Thomas
  • Captain: Richard Hodden

Strength

  • 1645: Established at 1000 men in ten companies (probably not up to strength)

See Also

1) Flag images by kind permission of Wargames Designs
2) ECW Flags and Colours 1: English Foot, Stuart Peachey & Les Prince 1990, Partizan Press ISBN:0946525846
3) , 4) Sprigge, Joshua, Anglia Rediviva, London 1647