Colonel Robert Hammond’s Regiment of Foot

Active1645 to 1660
CountryEngland
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Second Civil War
Irish Confederate War
TypeFoot
ColonelRobert Hammond
Isaac Ewer
Richard Lawrence
Area RaisedEast Anglia
Coat ColourRed
Flag ColourUnknown
Flag DesignUnknown
Field ArmiesNMA 1645-6
Cromwell 1648
Fairfax 1648
Cromwell 1649-50

Later Colonel Isaac Ewer’s then Colonel Richard Lawrence’s Regiment of Foot

New Model Army regiment of foot, serving in the First and Second Civil Wars, on Cromwell’s Irish campaign then in Ireland up until the Restoration

Service History

1645

  • 14th June: Battle of Naseby
  • June: Siege of Leicester
  • July: Battle of Langport
  • July: Siege of Bridgewater
  • July to August: Siege of Sherborne Castle
  • August: Siege of Nunney Castle
  • August to September: Siege of Bristol
  • September: Siege of Devizes
  • September: Siege of Lacock House
  • September to October: Siege of Winchester
  • October: 3rd Siege of Basing House
  • October to April 1646: Siege of Exeter

1646

  • January: Siege of Dartmouth
  • January: Storm of Powderham Castle
  • February: Battle of Torrington
  • March to August: Siege of Pendennis Castle
  • March to April: Siege of St Michael’s Mount
  • May to June: Siege of Oxford?
  • April to September: Based at Gloucester

1647

  • April: Half the regiment refuse to go to Ireland, the other half are organised into a new regiment under Colonel Owen O’Connolly
  • July: O’Conolly’s regiment ordered to disband and return to Hammond’s
  • August: March into Westminster with Fairfax
  • August: Hammond appointed governor of the Isle of Wight, the regiment passes to Ewer
  • November: Detachment of Ewer’s regiment sent to Hammond to guard King Charles on the Isle of Wight

1648

  • May: With Cromwell in South Wales
  • May: Siege of Chepstow Castle (7 coy)
  • June to August: Siege of Colchester (6 coy)

1649

  • April: Selected by lot for service in Ireland
  • August: Shipped to Ireland
  • 2nd - 11th September: Siege of Drogheda
  • November: Quartered at Bandon Bridge

1650

  • 20th - 27th March: Siege of Kilkenny
  • 27th April to 18th May: Siege of Clonmel
  • July: Taking of Carlow Castle
  • July: Garrison of Carlow Castle (det)
  • July to August: Siege of Waterford
  • September: Repulsed from Limerick
  • October: Quartered at Kilkenny
  • Winter: Ewer dies

1651

  • Richard Lawrence appointed Colonel

1652

  • Serving in Ireland

1653

  • Serving in Ireland

1654

  • Serving in Ireland

1655

  • Serving in Ireland

1656

  • Serving in Ireland

1657

  • Serving in Ireland

1658

  • Serving in Ireland

1659

  • December: At Dublin Castle but fail to prevent Colonel Bridges’ takeover

1660

  • Disbanded?

Notes

A history of the regiment is given in The Regimental History of Cromwell's Army by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940.

There is an online history by Hammond’s re-enactment group of the Sealed Knot Hammond’s.

The regiment was formed from Crawford’s Regiment of Foot and probably Hobart’s regiment of foot, both from Manchester’s army. Originally the Colonelcy was offered to Crawford, but he declined and returned to Scotland. Victorious at Naseby, they went on to fight in the Western campaign and were detached under Cromwell for a number of sieges.

Hammond was appointed governor of the Isle of Wight so the regiment passed to its Lt Col, Isaac Ewer. At the start of the Second Civil War the regiment were with Cromwell, marching on South Wales. Cromwell left Ewer to besiege Chepstow Castle while he marched west to Pembroke. After storming Chepstow Castle they headed east to the siege of Colchester, under the command of Fairfax.

In 1649 the regiment accompanied Cromwell on his Irish Campaign, fighting at the notorious siege of Drogheda in 1649, then in a number of sieges throughout 1650. Ewer died over the winter of 1650-1 and was eventually replaced by Colonel Richard Lawrence. Lawrence’s regiment served in Ireland up until the Restoration, when they were probably disbanded.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Red coats. On the 23rd of April 1645 Crawford’s regiment were provided with funds to buy 10 new colours. This is the regiment that became Hammond’s when Crawford declined to serve in the New Model Army. Neither the colour of the flags nor their design is known. In June 1649 Ewer's regiment were allocated £20 for new colours.

Notable Officers

Colonel Robert Hammond

Colonel Isaac Ewer

Colonel Richard Lawrence

Officer Lists

More detailed lists of officers for April and May 1645, December 1646, May and August 1647 and May 1649 are shown in Reconstructing the New Model Army. Volume 1, Regimental Lists April 1645 to May 1649 by Malcolm Wanklyn, Helion & Co. 2015. ISBN 978-1-910777-10-7.

May 1645 and December 1646

From Anglia Rediviva1)

  • Colonel: Robert Hammond
  • Lieutenant Colonel: Isaac Ewer
  • Major: Robert Saunders
  • Captain: William Disney
  • Captain: Charles O'Hara
  • Captain: Israel Smith
  • Captain: John Boyce
  • Captain: John Puckle
  • Captain: William Stratton
  • Captain: Edmund Rolfe

Strength

  • 1645: Established at 1000 men in ten companies (probably not up to strength)

See Also

Colonel Hammond’s Regiment of Foot are re-enacted by the Sealed Knot http://www.hammondsregiment.org/index.html

1) Sprigge, Joshua, Anglia Rediviva, London 1647