Colonel Richard Ingoldsby’s Regiment of Foot

Active1645 to 1660
CountryEngland
AllegianceParliamentarian
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Second Civil War
Third Civil War
First Anglo-Dutch War
TypeFoot
Marines
ColonelRichard Ingoldsby
John Mill
William Sydenham
Sir John Lenthall
Earl of Northampton
Area Raised
Coat ColourRed
Flag ColourGreen or Crimson?
Flag DesignUncertain
Field ArmiesHolborne 1645
NMA 1645-6
Fairfax 1648
Cromwell 1651

Later Colonel John Mill’s, William Sydenham’s, Sir John Lenthall’s and the Earl of Northampton’s Regiment of Foot

New Model Army regiment of foot, serving in the First, Second and Third Civil Wars and in garrison at Oxford and London

Service History

1645

1646

  • May to June: Siege of Oxford
  • Garrison of Oxford

1647

  • Garrison of Oxford
  • June: Refuse to disband, and seize their disbandment money into the bargain
  • September to 1649: ‘Visitation and Reformation’ of Oxford University

1648

  • April - May: Garrison of Oxford - 5 companies
  • 11th June to 28th August: Siege of Colchester - 4-5 companies led by Capt Grimes
  • December: Enter London (3 coy)

1649

  • Garrison of Oxford
  • September: Mutiny at Oxford in support of the Levellers put down by Ingoldsby and other officers

1650

  • Garrison of Oxford
  • Supply two drafts of 300 men each to reinforce Cromwell in Scotland
  • Ordered to recruit back up to strength of 1200

1651

  • May: Ordered to reinforce Cromwell in Scotland
  • June: Arrive in Scotland
  • July: Reinforce Lambert at Fife (after Inverkeithing)
  • September: Battle of Worcester

1652

  • Quartered in London
  • June to 1654: Detachment of 500 men employed on board the fleet as marines in the First Anglo-Dutch War

1653

1654

1655

  • September: Mill replaces Ingoldsby as Colonel

1656

  • In London
  • September: Ordered to recruit up to a strength of 1200 men

1657

  • In London

1658

  • In London
  • March: Ordered to recruit up to a strength of 1200 men
  • June: William Sydenham replaces Mill as Colonel

1659

  • In London
  • October: Majority support Lambert against Parliament

1660

  • February: Sydenham replaced as Colonel by Sir John Lenthall
  • June: Lenthall replaced as Colonel by the Earl of Northampton
  • November: Disbanded

Notes

A history of the regiment is given in The Regimental History of Cromwell's Army by Sir Charles Firth and Godfrey Davies, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1940.

Ingoldsby’s regiment was formed from his own Regiment of Foot and probably drafts from other regiments of Essex’s army. They missed Naseby, serving instead at Taunton, on Fairfax’s Western campaign and at the siege of Oxford. After Oxford surrendered they were installed as garrison of the City.

In 1647 the regiment were ordered to disband but refused, by this time their arrears had arrived at Oxford and they refused to return them. For the next two years they enforced the ‘Visitation and Reformation’ of Oxford University; this involved imprisoning recalcitrant heads of colleges and college officers and suppressing disorders amongst the scholars. During the Second Civil War a detachment of the regiment assisted Fairfax at the siege of Colchester.

1651 saw the regiment sent to Scotland under Cromwell’s command and fighting at the Battle of Worcester. From 1652 detachments from the regiments served as marines in the First Anglo-Dutch War, while the main part of the regiment was quartered in London. After a succession of Colonels in the late 1650s they were disbanded in November 1660.

Coats, Flags and Equipment

Red coats. Their flag colours and designs are unknown but it's possible that they continued with the standards they'd been issued as Tyrell’s regiment in November 1644. These were either green colours (with differences of yellow billets, yellow half-moons or white diamonds), or crimson colours (with differences of yellow mullets or white balls).

Notable Officers

Colonel Richard Ingoldsby

Richard Ingoldsby A regicide and loyal Cromwellian, he sat as an MP in the First and Second Protectorate parliaments and was styled “Lord Ingoldsby” in Cromwell's “Other House”. As the Restoration became increasingly likely, however, Ingoldsby looked for ways to demonstrate support for Charles II. In April 1660, Monck sent him in pursuit of Lambert, who was attempting to rally military resistance to the Restoration. Ingoldsby captured Lambert at a skirmish near Daventry. He was pardoned for his role as a regicide after claiming that Cromwell had forced him to sign Charles I's death warrant by seizing his hand and tracing out his signature. Uniquely among the regicides, Ingoldsby was allowed to retain all the lands he had acquired during the Protectorate, was made a Knight of the Bath and appointed a gentleman of Charles II's privy chamber.

Colonel John Mill

Captain in the regiment in 1645 he was acting Lt Col by 1651, then made permanent. In 1655 he was given command on the departure of Ingoldsby, as a reliable supporter of the Protectorate but was replaced by Sydenham on the fall of Richard Cromwell.

Colonel William Sydenham

Sir John Lenthall

Earl of Northampton

Officer Lists

More detailed lists of officers for April and May 1645, December 1646, May and August 1647 and May 1649 are shown in Reconstructing the New Model Army. Volume 1, Regimental Lists April 1645 to May 1649 by Malcolm Wanklyn, Helion & Co. 2015. ISBN 978-1-910777-10-7.

May 1645

From Anglia Rediviva1)

  • Colonel: Richard Ingoldsby
  • Lieutenant Colonel: Robert Farrington
  • Major: Philip Cromwell
  • Captain: Henry Ingoldsby
  • Captain: Gibson
  • Captain: Francis Allen
  • Captain: Ward
  • Captain: John Mills
  • Captain: Bamfield
  • Captain: John Grimes

December 1646

From Anglia Rediviva2)

  • Colonel: Richard Ingoldsby
  • Lieutenant Colonel: Thomas Kelsey
  • Major: Charles Duckett
  • Captain: Henry Ingoldsby
  • Captain: Stephens
  • Captain: Francis Allen
  • Captain: Thomas Ingoldsby
  • Captain: John Mills
  • Captain: Richard Wagstaffe
  • Captain: John Grimes

Strength

  • 1645: Established at 1000 men in ten companies (probably not up to strength)
  • 1648: 4 companies with about 320 men at Colchester
  • 1650: Ordered to recruit up to 1200 strong
  • 1656: Ordered to recruit up to 1200 strong
  • 1658: Ordered to recruit up to 1200 strong

See Also

1) , 2) Sprigge, Joshua, Anglia Rediviva, London 1647