Colonel William Stewart’s Regiment of Horse

Active1644 to 1645
1649 to 1651
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Third Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelWilliam Stewart
John Bannatyne
Viscount Kenmure
Area RaisedWigton & Kirkcudbright
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesLeslie 1650
Browne 1650
Charles 1651

Later Lieutenant Colonel John Bannatyne's, then Viscount Kenmure's Regiment of Horse

Covenanter Horse of the First and Third Civil Wars fighting at Dunbar and Worcester

Service History

1644

  • May: Sinclair's troop raised

1645

  • June: Issued lances

1649

  • February: Stewart commissioned colonel to raise a regiment of horse anew in Wigton and Kirkcudbrightshire

1650

  • 3rd September: Battle of Dunbar - 2 troops
  • September: Now under Bannatyne's command, ordered to Fife to protect Burntisland
  • October: Ordered north to join Browne
  • October: Battle of Newtyle
  • Serving under Leslie?
  • December: Quarter at Kincarne and Dunblane on the way to join Montgomery
  • Over-winter in Angus

1651

  • May: Assigned to Massey's 5th Cavalry Brigade
  • June: Bannatyne dismissed and Kenmure made colonel
  • July: Worcester campaign
  • September: Battle of Worcester, flee north and disperse, Kenmure captured

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Sinclair raised a troop of horse during the First Civil War, that likely served alongside his Regiment of Foot. It was last mentioned in 1645 and was disbanded by 1647. In 1649 Stewart raised a new regiment that fought at Dunbar, himself just escaping, he left the regiment to be commanded by Lt Col Bannatyne. In June 1650 Kenmure, an Engager, was given command in place of Bannatyne and led the regiment to defeat at Worcester.

Flags & Equipment

In 1645 the troop was issued 36 lances.

Notable Officers

William Stewart of Castlestewart

Lt Col John Bannatyne of Corehouse

Viscount Kenmure

Robert Gordon, 4th Viscount Kenmure, supported the Royalists throughout the Civil Wars

Strength

  • 1644-5: A single troop
  • February 1649: 240 horse planned to be levied
  • August 1649: 130 horse planned to be levied
  • May 1650: Edinburgh supplies 12 recruits
  • July: 110 troopers to be levied from Galloway

See Also