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covenanter:horse-regiments:sir-thomas-hope [27/08/2015 20:49]
tim
covenanter:horse-regiments:sir-thomas-hope [29/06/2016 23:59] (current)
tim
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-======Sir Thomas Hope’s ​Troop of Horse======+======College of Justice ​Troop of Horse======
  
 <WRAP right> <WRAP right>
 |**Active**|1640 to 1641| |**Active**|1640 to 1641|
 | |1644 to 1647| | |1644 to 1647|
 +| |1648|
 |**Country**|Scotland| |**Country**|Scotland|
 |**Allegiance**|Covenanter| |**Allegiance**|Covenanter|
-|**Conflicts**|First Civil War|+|**Conflicts**|Second Bishops'​ War| 
 +|First ​Civil War| 
 +| |Second ​Civil War|
 |**Type**|Horse|  |**Type**|Horse|
 |**Captain**|Sir Thomas Hope| |**Captain**|Sir Thomas Hope|
 | |John Cockburn| | |John Cockburn|
 +| |Sir Alexander Gibson of Durie|
 |**Area Raised**|Edinburgh|  |**Area Raised**|Edinburgh|
 |**Flag Colour**||  |**Flag Colour**||
Line 15: Line 19:
 |**Field Armies**|Leslie 1640-41| |**Field Armies**|Leslie 1640-41|
 | |Callendar 1644| | |Callendar 1644|
 +| |Leven 1646|
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
  
-**Later Captain John Cockburn’s Troop of Horse, also known as the Levied Troop or College of Justice Troop**+** Known as the Levied Troop or College of Justice Troop, they were commanded by Sir Thomas Hope, Captain John Cockburn, then Sir Alexander Gibson of Durie, the Lord Register**
  
-//​Covenanter Lifeguard Troop of Horse playing a distinguished part in the second ​Bishops'​ War the serving at the siege of Newcastle in the First Civil War//+//​Covenanter Lifeguard Troop of Horse playing a distinguished part in the Second ​Bishops'​ War then serving at the siege of Newcastle in the First Civil War//
   
 ===== Service History ===== ===== Service History =====
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 ====1647==== ====1647====
   *February: Return to Scotland and disband   *February: Return to Scotland and disband
 +====1648====
 +  *June: The College of Justice to raise a regiment of horse on behalf of the Engagers
 +  *September: Likely disbanded after the Treaty of Stirling
  
 =====Notes==== =====Notes====
Line 47: Line 55:
  
 The Lifeguard troop were also known as the College of Justice Horse, having been raised by and from the lawyers of Edinburgh. They played a distinguished part in Leslie'​s victory in 1640, being first to cross Newburn Ford and attack the English earthworks. In October 1640 at Newcastle the Ministers accused the Lifeguards of visiting bawdy houses where they //spoyled their bodies//. Leven raised another Lifeguard troop in 1642, that served in Ireland before returning to Scotland and becoming the basis of the [[covenanter:​horse-regiments:​earl-of-leven|Earl of Leven’s Regiment of Horse]]. ​ The Lifeguard troop were also known as the College of Justice Horse, having been raised by and from the lawyers of Edinburgh. They played a distinguished part in Leslie'​s victory in 1640, being first to cross Newburn Ford and attack the English earthworks. In October 1640 at Newcastle the Ministers accused the Lifeguards of visiting bawdy houses where they //spoyled their bodies//. Leven raised another Lifeguard troop in 1642, that served in Ireland before returning to Scotland and becoming the basis of the [[covenanter:​horse-regiments:​earl-of-leven|Earl of Leven’s Regiment of Horse]]. ​
 +
 +The College of Justice troop was raised again in 1644, serving with Callendar in England. Their whereabouts and activities in 1645 are not known, but by 1646 the troop had joined Leven at Newark. ​
 +
 +In 1648 the College of Justice again raised a unit of horse under Sir Alexander Gibson of Durie, though nothing is known of activities apart from its chaplain receiving pay.
 =====Flags & Equipment===== =====Flags & Equipment=====
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
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 ==== Sir Thomas Hope of Kerse==== ==== Sir Thomas Hope of Kerse====
 ====John Cockburn==== ====John Cockburn====
 +====Sir Alexander Gibson of Durie====
 +Lord Register
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
   *1640: Lifeguard estimated at 300 men by an English source   *1640: Lifeguard estimated at 300 men by an English source