Differences

This shows you the differences between two versions of the page.

Link to this comparison view

covenanter:horse-regiments:sir-thomas-hope [20/06/2014 18:13]
tim
covenanter:horse-regiments:sir-thomas-hope [29/06/2016 23:59] (current)
tim
Line 1: Line 1:
-======Sir Thomas Hope’s ​Troop of Horse======+======College of Justice ​Troop of Horse======
  
 <WRAP right> <WRAP right>
 |**Active**|1640 to 1641| |**Active**|1640 to 1641|
-| |1644|+| |1644 to 1647| 
 +| |1648|
 |**Country**|Scotland| |**Country**|Scotland|
 |**Allegiance**|Covenanter| |**Allegiance**|Covenanter|
-|**Conflicts**|First Civil War|+|**Conflicts**|Second Bishops'​ War| 
 +|First ​Civil War| 
 +| |Second ​Civil War|
 |**Type**|Horse|  |**Type**|Horse|
 |**Captain**|Sir Thomas Hope| |**Captain**|Sir Thomas Hope|
 | |John Cockburn| | |John Cockburn|
 +| |Sir Alexander Gibson of Durie|
 |**Area Raised**|Edinburgh|  |**Area Raised**|Edinburgh|
 |**Flag Colour**||  |**Flag Colour**||
 |**Flag Design**||  |**Flag Design**||
 |**Field Armies**|Leslie 1640-41| |**Field Armies**|Leslie 1640-41|
-| |Leven 1644|+| |Callendar ​1644
 +| |Leven 1646|
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
  
-**Later Captain John Cockburn’s Troop of Horse, also known as the Levied Troop or College of Justice Troop**+** Known as the Levied Troop or College of Justice Troop, they were commanded by Sir Thomas Hope, Captain John Cockburn, then Sir Alexander Gibson of Durie, the Lord Register**
  
-//​Covenanter Lifeguard Troop of Horse playing a distinguished part in the second ​Bishops'​ War the serving at the siege of Newcastle in the First Civil War//+//​Covenanter Lifeguard Troop of Horse playing a distinguished part in the Second ​Bishops'​ War then serving at the siege of Newcastle in the First Civil War//
   
 ===== Service History ===== ===== Service History =====
Line 32: Line 37:
  
 ====1644==== ====1644====
-  *Raised anew in Edinburgh +  *Spring: ​Raised anew in Edinburgh 
-  *July to October: Siege of Newcastle+  *June: Invade England in Callendar'​s force 
 +  *July to September: Siege of Newcastle 
 +  *September: Return to Scotland 
 + 
 +====1645==== 
 +====1646==== 
 +  *January to May: Siege of Newark 
 +====1647==== 
 +  *February: Return to Scotland and disband 
 +====1648==== 
 +  *June: The College of Justice to raise a regiment of horse on behalf of the Engagers 
 +  *September: Likely disbanded after the Treaty of Stirling
  
 =====Notes==== =====Notes====
 +A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s //A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651// Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0
 +
 The Lifeguard troop were also known as the College of Justice Horse, having been raised by and from the lawyers of Edinburgh. They played a distinguished part in Leslie'​s victory in 1640, being first to cross Newburn Ford and attack the English earthworks. In October 1640 at Newcastle the Ministers accused the Lifeguards of visiting bawdy houses where they //spoyled their bodies//. Leven raised another Lifeguard troop in 1642, that served in Ireland before returning to Scotland and becoming the basis of the [[covenanter:​horse-regiments:​earl-of-leven|Earl of Leven’s Regiment of Horse]]. ​ The Lifeguard troop were also known as the College of Justice Horse, having been raised by and from the lawyers of Edinburgh. They played a distinguished part in Leslie'​s victory in 1640, being first to cross Newburn Ford and attack the English earthworks. In October 1640 at Newcastle the Ministers accused the Lifeguards of visiting bawdy houses where they //spoyled their bodies//. Leven raised another Lifeguard troop in 1642, that served in Ireland before returning to Scotland and becoming the basis of the [[covenanter:​horse-regiments:​earl-of-leven|Earl of Leven’s Regiment of Horse]]. ​
 +
 +The College of Justice troop was raised again in 1644, serving with Callendar in England. Their whereabouts and activities in 1645 are not known, but by 1646 the troop had joined Leven at Newark. ​
 +
 +In 1648 the College of Justice again raised a unit of horse under Sir Alexander Gibson of Durie, though nothing is known of activities apart from its chaplain receiving pay.
 =====Flags & Equipment===== =====Flags & Equipment=====
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
Line 42: Line 64:
 ==== Sir Thomas Hope of Kerse==== ==== Sir Thomas Hope of Kerse====
 ====John Cockburn==== ====John Cockburn====
 +====Sir Alexander Gibson of Durie====
 +Lord Register
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
   *1640: Lifeguard estimated at 300 men by an English source   *1640: Lifeguard estimated at 300 men by an English source
Line 48: Line 72:
   *September 1640: Lifeguard mustered 88 officers and men plus 11 servants   *September 1640: Lifeguard mustered 88 officers and men plus 11 servants
   *1644: A single troop   *1644: A single troop
 +  *January 1646: 69 officers & men
 +  *June 1646: 5 officers & 62 troopers
 =====See Also======  =====See Also======
 ===== Links ===== ===== Links =====