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Sir Thomas Hope’s Troop of Horse

Active1640 to 1641
1644
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeHorse
CaptainSir Thomas Hope
John Cockburn
Area RaisedEdinburgh
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesLeslie 1640-41
Leven 1644

Later Captain John Cockburn’s Troop of Horse, also known as the Levied Troop or College of Justice Troop

Covenanter Lifeguard Troop of Horse playing a distinguished part in the second Bishops' War the serving at the siege of Newcastle in the First Civil War

Service History

1640

  • Leslie's Lifeguard (College of Justice Troop) raised in Edinburgh
  • Join the army at Duns
  • August: Cross the Tweed
  • August: Battle of Newburn Ford
  • August to August 1641: Occupy Newcastle

1641

  • August: Return to Scotland and disbanded after the Treaty of London

1644

  • Raised anew in Edinburgh
  • July to October: Siege of Newcastle

Notes

The Lifeguard troop were also known as the College of Justice Horse, having been raised by and from the lawyers of Edinburgh. They played a distinguished part in Leslie's victory in 1640, being first to cross Newburn Ford and attack the English earthworks. Leven raised another Lifeguard troop in 1642, that served in Ireland before returning to Scotland and becoming the basis of the Earl of Leven’s Regiment of Horse.

Flags & Equipment

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

Sir Thomas Hope of Kerse

John Cockburn

Strength

  • 1640: Lifeguard estimated at 300 men by an English source
  • 1640: Lifeguard estimated at 160 men by a Scottish source
  • August 1640: Lifeguard mustered 104 officers and men
  • September 1640: Lifeguard mustered 88 officers and men plus 11 servants
  • 1644: A single troop

See Also