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covenanter:horse-regiments:sir-thomas-hope [11/05/2014 21:45]
tim
covenanter:horse-regiments:sir-thomas-hope [29/06/2016 23:59] (current)
tim
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-======Sir Thomas Hope’s ​Troop of Horse======+======College of Justice ​Troop of Horse======
  
 <WRAP right> <WRAP right>
-|**Active**|1644|+|**Active**|1640 to 1641| 
 +|1644 to 1647| 
 +| |1648|
 |**Country**|Scotland| |**Country**|Scotland|
 |**Allegiance**|Covenanter| |**Allegiance**|Covenanter|
-|**Conflicts**|First Civil War|+|**Conflicts**|Second Bishops'​ War| 
 +|First ​Civil War| 
 +| |Second ​Civil War|
 |**Type**|Horse|  |**Type**|Horse|
 |**Captain**|Sir Thomas Hope| |**Captain**|Sir Thomas Hope|
 | |John Cockburn| | |John Cockburn|
 +| |Sir Alexander Gibson of Durie|
 |**Area Raised**|Edinburgh|  |**Area Raised**|Edinburgh|
 |**Flag Colour**||  |**Flag Colour**||
 |**Flag Design**||  |**Flag Design**||
-|**Field Armies**|Leven 1644|+|**Field Armies**|Leslie 1640-41| 
 +| |Callendar ​1644
 +| |Leven 1646|
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
  
-**Later Captain John Cockburn’s Troop of Horse, also known as the Levied Troop or College of Justice Troop**+** Known as the Levied Troop or College of Justice Troop, they were commanded by Sir Thomas Hope, Captain John Cockburn, then Sir Alexander Gibson of Durie, the Lord Register**
  
-//​Covenanter Troop of Horse serving at the siege of Newcastle//+//​Covenanter ​Lifeguard ​Troop of Horse playing a distinguished part in the Second Bishops'​ War then serving at the siege of Newcastle ​in the First Civil War//
   
 ===== Service History ===== ===== Service History =====
 +====1640====
 +  *Leslie'​s Lifeguard (College of Justice Troop) raised in Edinburgh
 +  *Join the army at Duns
 +  *August: Cross the Tweed
 +  *August: Battle of Newburn Ford
 +  *August to August 1641: Occupy Newcastle
 +====1641====
 +  *August: Return to Scotland and disbanded after the Treaty of London
  
 ====1644==== ====1644====
-  *Raised in Edinburgh +  *Spring: ​Raised ​anew in Edinburgh 
-  *July to October: Siege of Newcastle+  *June: Invade England in Callendar'​s force 
 +  *July to September: Siege of Newcastle 
 +  *September: Return to Scotland 
 + 
 +====1645==== 
 +====1646==== 
 +  *January to May: Siege of Newark 
 +====1647==== 
 +  *February: Return to Scotland and disband 
 +====1648==== 
 +  *June: The College of Justice to raise a regiment of horse on behalf of the Engagers 
 +  *September: Likely disbanded after the Treaty of Stirling
  
 =====Notes==== =====Notes====
 +A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s //A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651// Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0
 +
 +The Lifeguard troop were also known as the College of Justice Horse, having been raised by and from the lawyers of Edinburgh. They played a distinguished part in Leslie'​s victory in 1640, being first to cross Newburn Ford and attack the English earthworks. In October 1640 at Newcastle the Ministers accused the Lifeguards of visiting bawdy houses where they //spoyled their bodies//. Leven raised another Lifeguard troop in 1642, that served in Ireland before returning to Scotland and becoming the basis of the [[covenanter:​horse-regiments:​earl-of-leven|Earl of Leven’s Regiment of Horse]]. ​
 +
 +The College of Justice troop was raised again in 1644, serving with Callendar in England. Their whereabouts and activities in 1645 are not known, but by 1646 the troop had joined Leven at Newark. ​
 +
 +In 1648 the College of Justice again raised a unit of horse under Sir Alexander Gibson of Durie, though nothing is known of activities apart from its chaplain receiving pay.
 =====Flags & Equipment===== =====Flags & Equipment=====
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
 A list of the regiment'​s officers is shown in Stuart Reid's //Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651// Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550 ​ A list of the regiment'​s officers is shown in Stuart Reid's //Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651// Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550 ​
-==== Sir Thomas Hope====+==== Sir Thomas Hope of Kerse====
 ====John Cockburn==== ====John Cockburn====
 +====Sir Alexander Gibson of Durie====
 +Lord Register
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
-A single troop+  *1640: Lifeguard estimated at 300 men by an English source 
 +  *1640: Lifeguard estimated at 160 men by a Scottish source 
 +  *August 1640: Lifeguard mustered 104 officers and men 
 +  *September 1640: Lifeguard mustered 88 officers and men plus 11 servants 
 +  *1644: ​A single troop 
 +  *January 1646: 69 officers & men 
 +  *June 1646: 5 officers & 62 troopers
 =====See Also======  =====See Also======
 ===== Links ===== ===== Links =====