Sir Robert Adair of Kinhilt's Regiment of Horse

Active1642 to 1647
1649 to 1651
CountryScotland
AllegianceProtestant
Covenanter
ConflictsIrish Confederate War
First Civil War
Third Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelSir Robert Adair
Area RaisedUlster
Wigton
Kirkcudbright
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesMonro 1642-6
Leslie 1650

Ulster horse raised by the Covenanters, then raised anew in Scotland for the Third Civil War

Service History

1642

1643

  • Permitted to leave for Scotland but don't appear to have done so

1644

  • July: March on Lisnagarvey with Monro
  • August: Skirmish at the River Bann?
  • September: Raid Cavan

1645

  • Quartered around Temple Patrick

1646

1647

1649

1650

  • Adair made Colonel
  • June: Ordered to Lanark
  • June: Assigned 130 horse from Wigton?
  • 3rd September: Battle of Dunbar
  • September: Ordered to Fife to defend Burntisland
  • September: Adair leaves his troop and joins the Western Association
  • December: At Kinarne and Dunblane, attached to William Stewart’s Regiment of Horse

1651

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Adair's troop were raised in Ulster in 1642 as part of Balfour's horse, but it appears to have become an independent troop of Monro's Scots Covenanter Ulster army after Balfour left to join the Parliamentarians in England. After serving on campaign with Monro in 1644 and 1646, the troop were shipped to England sometime in 1646 and joined the Earl of Leven's regiment, with which they disbanded in 1647. In 1649 Adair raised the troop again, perhaps using recent returnees from the Ulster Army and the next year was promoted to Colonel, leading his regiment to defeat at Dunbar. Adair then left to join the Western Association and the troop was reduced into Massey's horse.

Flags and Equipment

Notable Officers

Sir Robert Adair of Kinhilt

Originally a Scottish laird from Wigtownshire, he settled in Ballymena, County Antrim.

Strength

  • 1642: 60 men1)
  • July 1642: 71 officers & men
  • July 1649: 80 horse

See Also

1) An English Army for Ireland by Ian Ryder. Partizan Press