Sir John Browne of Fordell’s Regiment of Horse

Active1645 to 1651
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
Engager
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Second Civil War
Third Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelSir John Browne
Earl of Callendar
Sir Arthur Forbes
Area RaisedPerthshire
Flag ColourRed & White
Flag DesignDiagonal
Field ArmiesLeven 1645-46
Leslie 1650
Browne 1651

Later, the Earl of Callendar's Troop of Horse, lastly Sir Arthur Forbes' Horse

Covenanter horse serving at the sieges of Hereford and Newark, maintained as a troop of the Scots New Model Army, then re-raised for the Third Civil war

Service History

1645

  • May: Brown commissioned colonel of a new regiment of 4 troops
  • May: Increased from 4 to 8 troops
  • August: Based in Upper Clydesdale with Lanark
  • Sent to England
  • September: Siege of Hereford?
  • October: Battle of Carlisle Sands (Annan Moor)
  • November to May 1646: Siege of Newark

1646

  • May: At surrender of Newark
  • May: Return to Cumberland

1647

  • February: Majority of the regiment is disbanded
  • February: Browne's troop continues as part of the Scots New Model Army

1648

  • May: Browne opposes the Engagers, who give the troop to the Earl of Callendar
  • June: Skirmish at Mauchline Muir
  • September: Disbanded after the Treaty of Stirling

1649

  • February: Browne commissioned colonel to re-raise the regiment in Perthshire

1650

  • January: Browne's troop at Perth
  • June: Ordered to Perthshire
  • September: Serving with Leslie
  • September: Battle of Dunbar
  • October: Ordered to Stirling
  • October: Defeated by Middleton's Scots Royalists in a skirmish at Newtyle
  • November: Quartered in southern Fife

1651

  • March to April: Quartered in Kirkcaldy and Dunfermline
  • May: Browne made commander of the 3rd Cavalry Brigade
  • June: Ordered from Fife to Stirling
  • July: Return to Fife
  • July: Battle of Inverkeithing Browne captured
  • Remnants of the regiment regroup under command of Sir Arthur Forbes
  • August: Set off north from Angus
  • Likely disperse soon after

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

One troop was formed of dragoons during the First Civil War. Browne's troop (now under Callendar) fought on behalf of the Engagers against the Kirk party forces at Mauchline Muir.

Flags and Equipment

Flags probably captured at Inverkeithing rather than Dunbar. Colonel's red upper & white lower diagonals, white & red fringe. Lt Col Bruce red upper & white lower diagonals, white & blue fringe, large silver fleur de lis surrounded by motto COVENANT FOR RELIGION KING AND KINGDOME.1)

In October 1645, after their victory at Carlisle Sands, the regiment were assigned 100 back-and-breast pieces, 100 helmets and 100 pairs of pistols.

Notable Officers

Lists of the regiment's officers are shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550 and in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1

Sir John Browne of Fordell

Browne served as a captain then Lt Col of Maj. Gen. David Leslie’s Regiment of Horse in 1643 and 1644. He led the Scots horse at Inverkeithing in 1651 and was captured there, dying in captivity in September 1651.

Earl of Callendar

Lieutenant-Colonel William Bruce

Sir Arthur Forbes

Briefly led the survivors after Browne's capture at Inverkeithing

Strength

  • May 1645: Four troops
  • May 1645: Increased to 8 troops
  • January 1646: 539 officers and men in 8 troops
  • 1647: 1 troop in Scots NMA, 80 men, reduced to 75
  • February 1649: 480 planned to be raised
  • July 1649: 2 troops, Brown's of 75, Bruce's of 58
  • August 1649: 228 more recruits ordered
  • July 1650: Perthshire ordered to find 288 troopers to make the regiment up to 3 troops of 95 each

See Also

1) Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988