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Sir Frederick Hamilton’s Regiment of Horse

Active1644 to 1646
ConflictsFirst Civil War
ColonelSir Frederick Hamilton
Area RaisedKirkcudbright
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesCallendar 1644
Hurry 1645
Leven 1645-6

Covenanter regiment of horse serving with Callendar then returning to Scotland under Leslie

Service History


  • Raised in Kirkcudbright
  • June: Taking of Morpeth
  • July: Taking of Hartlepool
  • July to September: Siege of Newcastle
  • August: Routmaster Henry Drummond’s Troop of Horse join the regiment, Drummond promoted to Lt Col
  • September: Return to Scotland
  • September: Quartered in Aberdeenshire


  • May: Battle of Auldearn (Lt Col Drummond's troop)
  • Return to England
  • July to September: Siege of Hereford
  • November to May 1646: Siege of Newark


  • May: Taking of Newark



Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

Sir Frederick Hamilton

A Swedish Army veteran. He had previously commanded forces around his estate in ireland For a full Biography see Dominic Rooney The Life and Times of Sir Frederick Hamilton 1590-1647 Four Courts Press, (2013), ISBN 9781846823961.

Lt Col Henry Drummond

Previously served as Routmaster of an independent troop of horse under Callendar


  • January 1646: 313 troopers

See Also