Sir Arthur Erskine of Scotscraig’s Regiment of Horse

Active1644
1649 to 1651
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Third Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelSir Arthur Erskine
Area RaisedStirling
Clackmannan
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesLeslie 1650
Charles 1651

Covenanter horse fighting at Dunbar and Worcester in the Third Civil War

Service History

1644

  • Erskine raises a troop of horse
  • August: quartered in east Stirlingshire
  • September: Battle of Tippermuir?

1649

  • February: Erskine commissioned colonel of horse to be raised in Stirling and Clackmannanshire
  • June: Rm Campbell of Lundie's troop quartered in Mearns

1650

  • June: Ordered to Stirlingshire, Linlithgow and Dumbarton
  • 3rd September: Battle of Dunbar - 3 troops?
  • September: Retreat to Stirling
  • September: Quarter in Fife to protect Burntisland

1651

  • May: Assigned to Middleton's 4th Cavalry Brigade
  • September: Battle of Worcester Sir Arthur Erskine of Sotscraig killed

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Little is known of the 1644 unit, perhaps it fought at Tippermuir and was dispersed thereafter.

Flags and Equipment

Notable Officers

A list of officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1

Sir Arthur Erskine of Scotscraig

Killed at the Battle of Worcester

Sir Charles Erskine

Lt Col of the regiment of horse, he was also governor of Dumbarton Castle from 1649 to 1652

Strength

  • February 1649: 240 horse to be raised
  • July 1649: 3 troops; Col Sir Arthur Erskine 60 men, Lt Col Sir Charles Erskine of Alva 50 men, Rm Campbell of Lundie 60 men
  • August 1649: 118 more recruits ordered
  • July 1650: 173 more levies ordered intended to form 3 more troops, success unknown
  • September 1650: 96 more recruits ordered from Fife

See Also