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Marquis of Argyll’s Lifeguard Troop of Horse

Active1644 to 1645
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeHorse
CaptainMarquis of Argyll
Archibald Campbell
Area Raised
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field Armies

Lifeguard troop of the Marquis of Argyll

Service History

1644

  • January: Raised

1645

  • Taking of Lindisfarne

Notes

A troop of gentlemen volunteers, likely equipped as cuirassiers, forming Argyll’s Lifeguard. In 1645 they accepted the surrender of Lindisfarne, but spent the rest of their time serving in Scotland.

Flags and Equipment

Likely cuirassiers

Notable Officers

A list of the troop's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

Marquis of Argyll

Argyll (also spelt Argyle) (circa 1607-1661) was Chief of Clan Campbell and most prominent leader of the Scots Covenanters. In effect he ruled Scotland during the Civil Wars. Biographies can be found online at the BCW website, Wikipedia and the Peerage.com. In 1639 he seized Hamilton's castle at Broddick. He led Covenanter forces in a raid on the Highlands during the Second Bishops' War of 1640, capturing Airlie and Dumbarton Castles. In 1644 he accompanied the Covenanter invasion of England but soon returned to Scotland, in May he took Aberdeen from Huntly's Royalists, then captured Kellie Castle. He led the Covenanters at the Battle of Fyvie and besieged Huntly Castle in winter 1644. In 1645 he was present at Inverlochy, but not a participant in the battle due to a dislocated shoulder and fled the scene in his galley on Lake Linhe. He was also present at Kilsyth. In 1648 he opposed the Engagers and later supported the Whiggamore rising, but in 1651 helped strike the deal that saw Charles II lead another Scottish army into England. In 1653 he opposed Glencairn's rising. Convicted of treason after the Restoration, he was beheaded in May 1661, his head being affixed to the same spike that had held Montrose's eleven years before.

Captain Archibald Campbell

Strength

A single troop