Lord Elcho’s Regiment of Horse

Active1644
1649 to 1651
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsFirst Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelLord Elcho
Area RaisedFife
Kinross
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesElcho 1644

Covenanter Regiment of Horse raised for service in Scotland, fighting against Montrose, then raised again in 1649

Service History

1644

  • September: Battle of Tippermuir

1649

  • February: Elcho commissioned colonel of horse to be raised in Fife and Kinross, Ayr and Renfrew

1650

  • June: Ordered to Fife
  • July: Recruiting in Fife

1651

  • Quartered in Fife

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

The 1644 troop appear to have dissolved after the rout at Tippermuir.

Little is known of the activities of the 1649 regiment apart from orders for its recruiting and musters.

Coats and Flags

Notable Officers

Lord Elcho

David Wemyss, Lord Elcho, later 2nd Earl of Wemyss

Strength

  • February 1649: 480 troopers planned to be levied
  • April 1649: 3 troops; Elcho, Rm Andrew Arnot of Capeldrae and Rm Alexander Frazer
  • Assigned 100 levies from Fife
  • July 1649: 2 troops; Elcho with 61 horse, Arnot with 51
  • July 1650: 290 levies ordered from Fife and Kinross

See Also