Lord Cranston’s Regiment of Horse

Active1639
1648
1651
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsFirst Bishops' War
Second Civil War
Third Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelLord John Cranston
Lord William Cranston
Area RaisedMidlothian?
Roxburgh & Selkirk
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesLeslie 1639
Hamilton 1648
Charles 1651

Covenanter regiment of horse serving in the Bishops' Wars, raised anew in 1648 to serve on the Preston campaign in the Second Civil War and Worcester in the Third Civil War

Service History

1639

  • Lord John Cranston raises the regiment, in Midlothian?
  • March: Depart Edinburgh for the Border alongside Balmerino's
  • Join Leslie’s army at Dun’s Law
  • June: Standoff at Dun’s Law
  • June: Disbanded following the Treaty of Birks

1648

  • May: Lord William Cranston commissioned Colonel of regiment of horse to be raised from his own men, Roxburgh and Selkirk
  • July: Preston campaign
  • August: Battle of Winwick Pass
  • August: Cranston captured at Uttoxeter

1651

  • The regiment raised anew
  • May: Assigned to Montgomerie's 2nd Cavalry Brigade
  • April: Raid on Linlithgow
  • June: Quartered in St Ninian's and Kippen
  • September: Battle of Worcester

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Flags and Equipment

Notable Officers

Second Lord Cranston

John Cranston, 2nd Lord Cranston (or Cranstoun) died in 1648 and was succeeded by his nephew, William.

Third Lord Cranston

William Cranston, 3rd Lord Cranston led the regiment in the Second and Third Civil Wars. He was captured at Worcester and imprisoned at the Tower of London until freed in 1656 to serve under the King of Sweden.

Strength

  • 1639: 600 troopers
  • 1648: Established at 180 troopers in 3 troops
  • June 1651: 240 troopers
  • June 1651: 133 more levies ordered from Haddingtonshire, however this area was under English control

See Also