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covenanter:horse-regiments:king-s-lifeguard-of-horse [17/08/2016 23:31]
tim
covenanter:horse-regiments:king-s-lifeguard-of-horse [04/02/2017 23:39] (current)
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-===== King’s Lifeguard of Horse======+======King’s Lifeguard of Horse======
  
 <WRAP right> <WRAP right>
- +|**Flag Illustration 1**|{{:​covenanter:​foot-regiments:​scots_lgd_1.jpg?​200|}}((Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine))| 
-|**Active**|1650 to 1651|+|**Flag Illustration 2**|{{:​covenanter:​foot-regiments:​scots_lgd_2.jpg?​200|}}((Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine))| 
 +|**Flag Illustration 3**|{{:​covenanter:​foot-regiments:​scots_lgd_3.jpg?​200|}}((Original artwork by Tony Barton, shown by kind permission of Tony Barton and Charles Kightly. Previously published in Military Modelling magazine))| 
 +|**Active**|1649 to 1651|
 |**Country**|Scotland| |**Country**|Scotland|
 |**Allegiance**|Covenanter| |**Allegiance**|Covenanter|
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 | |Earl of Eglinton| | |Earl of Eglinton|
 | |Viscount Newburgh| | |Viscount Newburgh|
-|**Area Raised**| ​ | +|**Area Raised**|Various ​|
 |**Flag Colour**|Blue|  |**Flag Colour**|Blue|
 |**Flag Design**|3 known|  |**Flag Design**|3 known|
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 ===== Service History ===== ===== Service History =====
  
 +====1649====
 +  *March to June: Remains of the Ulster army return to Scotland
 +  *August: One troop formed from the returnees, known as //The Irish Troop// under Captain Cullace
 ====1650==== ====1650====
-  *Raised+  *April: Quartered near Inverness 
 +  *April: Battle of Carbisdale 
 +  *July: Eglinton commissioned Colonel of the Life Guards, Newburgh as Lt Col 
 +  *Regiment recruited 
 +  *August: Accused of oppressing Perthshire, the Estates plan to discharge the regiment but after Dunbar decide to keep it 
 +  *September: Quartered at St Andrews the regiment commit further abuses 
 +  *Quartered in Fife over the winter 
 +  *October: Lt Col Viscount Newburgh supports Middleton'​s rising
 ====1651==== ====1651====
 +  *March: Cpl Naismith of Rm Gibson'​s troop forces the Anstruther watch to release two women imprisoned for theft and rides off with Helen Clark, who later admits to fornication with Naismith
 +  *April: Misbehaving at Dunfermline
 +  *April: Eglinton and his son James captured at Dumbarton by the English while recruiting
 +  *May: Assigned to the 8th cavalry brigade, consisting only of the Life Guards and to be posted in the position of honour on the right of the line
 +  *June: Newburgh commissioned Colonel
 +  *June: Ordered to Stirling
   *September: Battle of Worcester   *September: Battle of Worcester
  
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 A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s //A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651// Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0 A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s //A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651// Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0
  
-Led in the field by the Earl of Eglinton+Led in the field by the Earl of Eglinton ​until he was captured in April 1651 and replaced by Viscount Newburgh
 ===== Flags & Equipment===== ===== Flags & Equipment=====
-Charles’ Lifeguard of horse carried three cornets, recorded by Sir James Balfour. All had a blue field and gold fringe and the inscription //COVENANT FOR RELIGIONE KING AND KINGDOMES// on the reverse side. The first had a crown above a crossed sword and sceptre above the motto //NOBLIS HAEC INVICTA MISERVNT//, all in gold. The second had a crowned thistle proper surrounded by the motto //NEMO ME IMPUNE LACESSIT// and the third had a small white saltire above the motto //PRO RELIGION ET PATRIA//​. ​ ((Stuart Reid's //Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours// Partizan Press 1988))+Charles’ Lifeguard of horse carried three cornets, recorded by Sir James Balfour. All had a blue field and gold fringe and the inscription //COVENANT FOR RELIGIONE KING AND KINGDOMES// on the reverse side. The first, Eglinton'​s, ​had a crown above a crossed sword and sceptre above the motto //NOBLIS HAEC INVICTA MISERVNT//, all in gold (Illustration 1). The second ​(Lt Col) had a crowned thistle ​(or just a crown?​) ​proper surrounded by the motto //NEMO ME IMPUNE LACESSIT// ​(Illustration 2) and the third (Major) ​had a small white (or gold?​) ​saltire above the motto //PRO RELIGION ET PATRIA// ​(Illustration 3}.  ((Stuart Reid's //Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours// Partizan Press 1988)). Other troops carried blue cornets with the motto //COVENANT, RELIGION, KING AND COUNTRY//. ((Edward M. Furgol’s //A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651// Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0))
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
 ====Charles II==== ====Charles II====
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 ====Alexander Montgomerie,​ 6th Earl of Eglinton==== ====Alexander Montgomerie,​ 6th Earl of Eglinton====
 [[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Alexander_Montgomerie,​_6th_Earl_of_Eglinton|Earl of Eglinton]] [[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Alexander_Montgomerie,​_6th_Earl_of_Eglinton|Earl of Eglinton]]
 +====Viscount Newburgh====
 +[[https://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​James_Levingston,​_1st_Earl_of_Newburgh|James Livingston, Viscount Newburgh]] later commanded one of Charles'​ regiments in exile in Flanders, [[royalist:​foot-regiments:​lord-newburgh|Lord Newburgh’s Regiment of Foot]].
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
-  *3 troops+  *August 1649: One troop of 40 plus officers 
 +  *June 1651: 193 Dunfriesshire and Teviotdale recruits planned 
 +  *June 1651: Levy increased to 263, unlikley to have materialised 
 =====See Also====== =====See Also======
 ===== Links ===== ===== Links =====