This is an old revision of the document!


King’s Lifeguard of Horse

Active1650 to 1651
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsThird Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelCharles II
Earl of Eglinton
Viscount Newburgh
Area Raised
Flag ColourBlue
Flag Design3 known
Field ArmiesCharles 1651

Covenanter cavalry regiment raised in the Third Civil War as a Lifeguard for Charles Stuart

Service History

1650

  • Raised

1651

  • September: Battle of Worcester

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

Led in the field by the Earl of Eglinton

Flags & Equipment

Charles’ Lifeguard of horse carried three cornets, recorded by Sir James Balfour. All had a blue field and gold fringe and the inscription COVENANT FOR RELIGIONE KING AND KINGDOMES on the reverse side. The first had a crown above a crossed sword and sceptre above the motto NOBLIS HAEC INVICTA MISERVNT, all in gold. The second had a crowned thistle proper surrounded by the motto NEMO ME IMPUNE LACESSIT and the third had a small white saltire above the motto PRO RELIGION ET PATRIA. 1)

Notable Officers

Charles II

King Charles II, biographies can be found online, at BCW, Wikipedia, Britsh Royal History amongst many others.

At the age of 12 Charles and his younger brother James were present at the Battle of Edgehill, where they amused themselves shooting toy pistols in the direction of Essex's army and Charles had to be dissuaded from charging the enemy himself. Parliamentarian cuirassiers broke through the Royalist infantry causing havoc at the rear of the army and the Princes were saved from capture by the efforts of the Gentlemen Pensioners. The young Prince of Wales visited Raglan Castle to raise support, charming the proud Welsh, but spent most of the war together with his father at Oxford or on campaign. In March 1645 at the age of 15 he was appointed nominal Captain General of the West Country Royalists with a headquarters at Bristol, but despite the advice of Clarendon and Hopton the West Country forces fell apart in the face of the New Model Army. After the fall of Bristol Charles fled via the Scilly Isles and Jersey to join the Queen at St Germain in France. His father was executed in 1649. Desperate to gain the support of the Scots Covenanters he signed the Treaty of Breda, and landed in Scotland in 1650, was crowned King of Scotland in 1651, then marched South on the fateful Worcester campaign. Soundly defeated by Cromwell, Charles spent six weeks on the run, aided and unintentionally hindered by Henry Wilmot Earl of Rochester, before escaping to France again. In 1654 Charles was forced to move to Cologne then Bruges and allied with Spain against Parliament and the French. By 1658 he had raised a small army of English and Irish exiles allied to the Spanish, which was defeated by Turenne and Protectorate forces at the Battle of the Dunes. As the Protectorate collapsed after the death of Cromwell, General Monck organised Charles' return to England in 1660. He landed at Dover on 25 May. Amid wild rejoicing across the nation, Charles made a triumphal entry into London on his 30th birthday, 29 May 1660. His coronation at Westminster Abbey took place on St George's Day, 1661.

Alexander Montgomerie, 6th Earl of Eglinton

Strength

  • 3 troops

See Also

1) Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988