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Colonel Jonas Vandruske’s Regiment of Horse

Active1645 to 1646, 1651
CountryEngland
Scotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Third Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelJonas Vandruske
Area RaisedEngland
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesLeven 1645-6
Charles 1651

Horse regiment forming part of the Covenanter army in 1645, but composed mainly of Englishmen left unemployed after the creation of the New Model Army. Raised again in 1651

Service History

1645

  • Raised from unemployed troopers in England
  • July: Siege of Hereford?
  • October: Battle of Carlisle Sands?
  • November to May 1646: Siege of Newark

1646

  • January: Quartered in Yorkshire
  • Coerce money from Yorkshire, Lincolnshire & Derbyshire
  • May: Taking of Newark
  • June: Regiment disgraced for plundering and is disbanded

1651

  • April: Re-raised
  • Assigned to Vandruske's 6th Cavalry Brigade
  • September: Battle of Worcester

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

By May 1646 the regiment had earned notoriety for plundering. Parliamentarians claimed it consisted of Catholics, Irish, Scots, Dutch, French and English, mostly ex-Royalist officers, robbers, murderers, horse-thieves and former Royalists of the Newark horse. In June, after a countrywide outcry, the Scots began to disband the regiment.

Flags and Equipment

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

Jonas Vandruske

A Dutchman, variously spelt Van Druschke, Van Druske etc. Previously led a regiment of horse in Waller’s army, Colonel Jonas Vandruske's Regiment of Horse, until it was disbanded in April 1645. Led a brigade of Charles II's Scots army at Worcester in the Third Civil War.

Strength

  • January 1646: 324 troopers in 7 troops, 6 sick, 13 absent without leave

See Also