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covenanter:horse-regiments:jonas-vandruske [12/05/2014 20:11]
tim
covenanter:horse-regiments:jonas-vandruske [20/09/2016 22:21] (current)
tim
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 <WRAP right> <WRAP right>
-|**Active**|1645 to 1646|+|**Active**|1645 to 1646, 1651|
 |**Country**|England| |**Country**|England|
 | |Scotland| | |Scotland|
 |**Allegiance**|Covenanter| |**Allegiance**|Covenanter|
 |**Conflicts**|First Civil War| |**Conflicts**|First Civil War|
 +| |Third Civil War|
 |**Type**|Horse|  |**Type**|Horse|
 |**Colonel**|Jonas Vandruske| |**Colonel**|Jonas Vandruske|
Line 14: Line 15:
 |**Flag Design**||  |**Flag Design**||
 |**Field Armies**|Leven 1645-6| |**Field Armies**|Leven 1645-6|
 +| |Charles 1651|
 </​WRAP>​ </​WRAP>​
  
-//Horse regiment forming part of the Covenanter army in 1645, but composed mainly of Englishmen left unemployed after the creation of the New Model Army//+//Horse regiment forming part of the Covenanter army in 1645, but composed mainly of Englishmen left unemployed after the creation of the New Model Army. Raised again in 1651//
   
 ===== Service History ===== ===== Service History =====
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 ====1646==== ====1646====
 +  *January: Quartered in Yorkshire
 +  *Coerce money from Yorkshire, Lincolnshire & Derbyshire
   *May: Taking of Newark   *May: Taking of Newark
 +  *June: Regiment disgraced for plundering and is disbanded
 +
 +====1651====
 +  *April: Re-raised
 +  *May: Assigned to Vandruske'​s 6th Cavalry Brigade
 +  *August: Cochrane appointed to lead Vandruske'​s horse in Scotland (a detachment?​)
 +  *August: Cochrane and the Laird of Blantyre flee from Colonel Okey into the Highlands
 +  *September: Battle of Worcester
  
 =====Notes==== =====Notes====
 +A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s //A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651// Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0
 +
 +By May 1646 the regiment had earned notoriety for plundering. Parliamentarians claimed it consisted of Catholics, Irish, Scots, Dutch, French and English, mostly ex-Royalist officers, robbers, murderers, horse-thieves and former Royalists of the Newark horse. In June, after a countrywide outcry, the Scots began to disband the regiment.
 =====Flags and Equipment===== =====Flags and Equipment=====
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
 A list of the regiment'​s officers is shown in Stuart Reid's //Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651// Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550 ​ A list of the regiment'​s officers is shown in Stuart Reid's //Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651// Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550 ​
 ====Jonas Vandruske==== ====Jonas Vandruske====
-Variously ​Van Druschke etc. Previously led a regiment of horse in Waller’s army, [[parliamentarian:​horse-regiments:​col.-robert-burghill|Colonel Jonas Vandruske'​s Regiment of Horse]], until it was disbanded in April 1645+A Dutchman, variously spelt Van Druschke, Van Druske ​etc. Previously led a regiment of horse in Waller’s army, [[parliamentarian:​horse-regiments:​col.-robert-burghill|Colonel Jonas Vandruske'​s Regiment of Horse]], until it was disbanded in April 1645. Led a brigade of Charles II's Scots army at Worcester in the Third Civil War and was captured there. ​
 =====Strength===== =====Strength=====
-  *January 1646: 324 troopers+  *January 1646: 324 troopers ​in 7 troops, 6 sick, 13 absent without leave
 =====See Also======  =====See Also======
 ===== Links ===== ===== Links =====