Colonel Harie Barclay’s Regiment of Horse

Active1645 to 1648
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Second Civil War
ColonelHarie Barclay
Area RaisedVarious
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesBaillie 1645

Covenanter horse serving in Scotland

Service History


  • February: Barclay authorised to raise 100 troopers from Aberdeenshire


  • May: Murray's troop at Dundee
  • August: Raised from Berwickshire, Linlithgow, Tweeddale, Nithsdale, Wigton, Kirkcudbright, Lanark, Stirling and Perthshire
  • August: Battle of Kilsyth est.60 men
  • September: Battle of Philiphaugh est. 40 men
  • October: At Dumfries (2 to 3 troops)
  • October: Remainder of the regiment serving under Middleton
  • November: Ordered to Dundee, then Kinross
  • December: Ordered to Aberdeen
  • December: Two companies of Lord Coupar’s Dragoons added to the regiment


  • January to May: Garrison Aberdeen
  • March: Siege of Kincardine Castle??
  • May: Loss of Aberdeen
  • August: Quartered at Selkirk



  • May: Barclay authorised to raise a second troop from Aberdeenshire and Banff
  • September: Side with the Engagers
  • September: Taking of Stirling?


A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

The raising of the regiment appears somewhat confused, with some discrepancies between Reid and Furgol. Small numbers served in the defeat at Kilsyth and the victory at Philiphaugh. The regiment continued to serve in Scotland, notably being defeated in Huntly's raid on Aberdeen in 1646. Barclay retained his troop in the Scots New Model Army of 1647 while the rest of the regiment disbanded.

Flags and Equipment

Notable Officers

A list of the regiment's officers is shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550

Harie Barclay

Sir Mungo Murray

Lieutenant Colonel, may have led part of the regiment into England in 1645-6. Later Lt Col of the Earl of Dalhousie’s Regiment of Horse.


See Also