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Maj. Gen. David Leslie’s Regiment of Horse

Active1643 to 1651
CountryScotland
AllegianceCovenanter
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Third Civil War
TypeHorse
ColonelDavid Leslie
Area RaisedStirling & Perth
Lanark, Renfrew, Atr
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesLeven 1643-4
Leslie 1644-5
Leslie 1647
Leslie 1650
Charles 1651

Covenanter Regiment of Horse raised for service in England, forming part of Leven’s army, later re-raised for the Third Civil War

Service History

1643

  • September: Brown, Craig and Stewart raise troops of horse
  • November: Leslie commissioned Colonel, regiment raised in Stirling & Perthshire

1644

  • January: Skirmish at Shieldfield Fort
  • April to July: Siege of York
  • 2nd July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • July: Siege of York
  • July: Quarter at Doncaster
  • August: Siege of Newcastle
  • September: Leslie leads 7 cavalry regiments and Frazer's dragoons to Cumbria
  • October to June 1645: Siege of Carlisle

1645

  • March: Leslie ordered to support Brereton, then returns to Carlisle
  • June: Leslie accepts surrender of Carlisle
  • July to July: Siege of Hereford
  • August: Skirmish at Bewdley
  • August: Return to Scotland via Stourbridge, Uttoxeter, Ollerton, Rotherham, Northallerton, Newcastle & Berwick
  • 13th September: Battle of Philiphaugh - ~550 men
  • October: In Aberdeenshire, then ordered back to England
  • November to May 1646: Siege of Newark

1646

  • May: Taking of Newark
  • Quarter in Durham or Northumberland

1647

  • February: Disbanded at Kelso, though Leslie's Lifeguard troop and dragoon company both continue as part of the Scots New Model Army
  • March: Leslie's force marches from Montrose to campaign against the Royalists
  • March: Taking of Wardhouse and Lesmoir Castles
  • April: March via Ruthven to Dunblane
  • May: Depart Dunblane for Argyll
  • May: Skirmish at Rhunahaorine Point
  • August: Return to Stirling
  • December: At Jedburgh, trooper Stewart is imprisoned for murder but illegally freed by 60 of his fellow troopers

1648

  • March: Leslie opposes the Engagemant and resigns
  • May: Leslie's Lifeguard incorporated into the Duke of Hamilton's Regiment of Horse
  • May: Captain Ferguson given command of the dragoon company, that serves until September
  • September: Leslie serving as Lt Gen of the Whiggamores

1649

  • February: Leslie commissioned colonel to re-raise his regiment in Lanarkshire, Renfrew and Ayr
  • February to March: Leslie sent to suppress Pluscardine's Rising
  • March: Suppress Earl of Atholl's Rising
  • May: Take Chanonry Castle

1650

  • 3rd September: Battle of Dunbar - 3 troops

1651

  • Assigned to Leslie's 1st Cavalry Brigade
  • September: Battle of Worcester

Notes

A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

In 1646 the regiment included Captain John Ferguson's troop equipped as dragoons. In 1647 Leslie's Lifeguard troop survived to enter the Scots New Model Army, as did Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Craig's troop. The dragoon troop also continued despite not being originally part of the establishment, authorised in February 1647. In 1648, with the engagers in the ascendant, Leslie's Lifeguard troop was added to Leven's Lifeguard and a new troop to form the Duke of Hamilton's regiment of horse, riding to defeat at Preston, while the dragoons led by Ferguson continued in service up to September 1648. Raised again as three troops in 1649, they served until final defeat at the Battle of Worcester.

Flags & Equipment

Notable Officers

Lists of the regiment's officers are shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550 and in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1

Major General David Leslie

David Leslie, not to be confused with Alexander Leslie, the Earl of Leven.

Captain Augustine Hoffman

Later notorious as 'Augustine the Mosser'

Strength

  • January 1646: 554 troopers in 10 troops
  • January 1646: 538 horse and 70 dragoons
  • 1647: 1 troop of 80 horse, reduced to 75, 1 company of 70 dragoons
  • 1649: 3 troops

See Also