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covenanter:horse-regiments:david-leslie [07/01/2016 22:37]
tim
covenanter:horse-regiments:david-leslie [04/04/2020 00:04] (current)
tim
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 <WRAP right> <WRAP right>
-|**Active**|1643 to 1651|+|**Active**|1643 ​to 1648| 
 +| |1649 to 1651|
 |**Country**|Scotland| |**Country**|Scotland|
 |**Allegiance**|Covenanter| |**Allegiance**|Covenanter|
 |**Conflicts**|First Civil War| |**Conflicts**|First Civil War|
 +| |Second Civil War|
 | |Third Civil War| | |Third Civil War|
 |**Type**|Horse|  |**Type**|Horse|
 |**Colonel**|David Leslie| |**Colonel**|David Leslie|
-|**Area Raised**|Stirling & Perth| +|**Area Raised**|Stirling & Perth
 +| |Lanark, Renfrew, Ayr|
 |**Flag Colour**||  |**Flag Colour**||
 |**Flag Design**||  |**Flag Design**||
 |**Field Armies**|Leven 1643-4| |**Field Armies**|Leven 1643-4|
 | |Leslie 1644-5| | |Leslie 1644-5|
 +| |Leslie 1647|
 | |Leslie 1650| | |Leslie 1650|
 | |Charles 1651| | |Charles 1651|
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   *March: Leslie ordered to support Brereton, then returns to Carlisle   *March: Leslie ordered to support Brereton, then returns to Carlisle
   *June: Leslie accepts surrender of Carlisle   *June: Leslie accepts surrender of Carlisle
-  *July to September: Siege of Hereford+  *July to July: Siege of Hereford
   *August: Skirmish at Bewdley   *August: Skirmish at Bewdley
   *August: Return to Scotland via Stourbridge,​ Uttoxeter, Ollerton, Rotherham, Northallerton,​ Newcastle & Berwick   *August: Return to Scotland via Stourbridge,​ Uttoxeter, Ollerton, Rotherham, Northallerton,​ Newcastle & Berwick
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 ====1647==== ====1647====
-  *February: Disbanded at Kelso, though Leslie'​s Lifeguard and dragoon ​troops ​continue as part of the Scots New Model Army+  *February: Disbanded at Kelso, though Leslie'​s Lifeguard ​troop and dragoon ​company both continue as part of the Scots New Model Army 
 +  *March: Leslie'​s force marches from Montrose to campaign against the Royalists 
 +  *March: Taking of Wardhouse and Lesmoir Castles 
 +  *April: March via Ruthven to Dunblane 
 +  *May: Depart Dunblane for Argyll
   *May: Skirmish at Rhunahaorine Point   *May: Skirmish at Rhunahaorine Point
 +  *August: Return to Stirling
 +  *December: At Jedburgh, trooper Stewart is imprisoned for murder but illegally freed by 60 of his fellow troopers
  
 ====1648==== ====1648====
-  *Leslie'​s Lifeguard incorporated into the [[covenanter:​horse-regiments:​earl-of-leven|Duke of Hamilton'​s Regiment of Horse]]+  *March: Leslie opposes the Engagemant and resigns 
 +  *May: Leslie'​s Lifeguard incorporated into the [[covenanter:​horse-regiments:​earl-of-leven|Duke of Hamilton'​s Regiment of Horse]] 
 +  *May: Captain Ferguson given command of the dragoon company, that serves until September 
 +  *September: Leslie serving as Lt Gen of the Whiggamores 
 ====1649==== ====1649====
-  *AprilRe-raised ​in Lanarkshire+  *FebruaryLeslie commissioned colonel to re-raise his regiment ​in Lanarkshire, Renfrew and Ayr 
 +  *February to March: Leslie sent to suppress Pluscardine'​s Rising 
 +  *March: Suppress Earl of Atholl'​s Rising 
 +  *May: Take Chanonry Castle  
 +  *June: Ordered to Banff and Aberdeen 
 +  *September: At Balnaboth and Kinbath 
 +  *October: Move north to guard against Royalists from Orkney 
 +  *November: Move south to winter quarters 
 ====1650==== ====1650====
 +  *April: Muster at Brechin then proceed to mop up Royalists in the aftermath of Carbisdale
 +  *June: Ordered to Fife (Leslie t) and Lanark (Allanton & Carmichael)
 +  *July to September: With the army facing Cromwell in the Edinburgh-Leith area
   *3rd September: Battle of Dunbar - 3 troops   *3rd September: Battle of Dunbar - 3 troops
 +  *September to October: Based at Stirling
 +  *October to November: Advance north against Middleton
 +  *November: At Strathbogie,​ Leslie and Middleton sign a treaty and disband Middleton'​s forces
 +  *November: Over-winter at Fife
 +
 ====1651==== ====1651====
-  *Assigned to Leslie'​s ​1st Cavalry Brigade+  *May: Leslie ​assigned to command the 1st Cavalry Brigade 
 +  *June: Ordered to Stirling 
 +  *July: Depart Stirling on the Worcester campaign, Leslie'​s Lifeguard remain to guard the Committee of Estates 
 +  *August: Leslie'​s Lifeguard troop captured at Alyth with the Committee of Estates
   *September: Battle of Worcester   *September: Battle of Worcester
 +  *September: Leslie captured at Blackstone Edge 
  
 =====Notes==== =====Notes====
 A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s //A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651// Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0 A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s //A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651// Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0
  
-In 1646 the regiment included Captain John Fergusson's troop equipped as dragoons. In 1647 Leslie'​s Lifeguard troop survived to enter the Scots New Model Army, as did Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Craig'​s troop. The dragoon troop also continued despite not being originally part of the establishment,​ authorised in February 1647. In 1648, with the engagers in the ascendant, Leslie'​s Lifeguard troop was added to Leven'​s Lifeguard and a new troop to form the Duke of Hamilton'​s regiment of horse, riding to defeat at Preston. Raised again as three troops in 1649, they served until final defeat at the Battle of Worcester. ​+In 1646 the regiment included Captain John Ferguson's troop equipped as dragoons. In 1647 Leslie'​s Lifeguard troop survived to enter the Scots New Model Army, as did Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Craig'​s troop. The dragoon troop also continued despite not being originally part of the establishment,​ authorised in February 1647. In 1648, with the engagers in the ascendant, Leslie'​s Lifeguard troop was added to Leven'​s Lifeguard and a new troop to form the Duke of Hamilton'​s regiment of horse, riding to defeat at Preston, while the dragoons led by Ferguson continued in service up to September 1648. Raised again as three troops in 1649, they served until final defeat at the Battle of Worcester. ​
 ===== Flags & Equipment===== ===== Flags & Equipment=====
 =====Notable Officers===== =====Notable Officers=====
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   *January 1646: 554 troopers in 10 troops   *January 1646: 554 troopers in 10 troops
   *January 1646: 538 horse and 70 dragoons   *January 1646: 538 horse and 70 dragoons
-  *1647: 1 troop +  *1647: 1 troop of 80 horse, reduced to 75, 1 company of 70 dragoons 
-  *1649: 3 troops+  *July 1649: 3 troops ​of 60 each; Leslie, Rm Carmichael, Laird of Allanton 
 +  *August 1649: 117 levies ordered from Lanarkshire 
 +  *July 1650: Lanarkshire ordered to raise 75 men 
 +  *June 1651: 156 levies ordered from Berwickshire,​ Midlothian and Teviotdale
 =====See Also======  =====See Also======
 ===== Links =====  ===== Links =====