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Maj. Gen. David Leslie’s Regiment of Horse

Active1643 to 1651
ConflictsFirst Civil War
Third Civil War
ColonelDavid Leslie
Area RaisedStirling & Perth
Flag Colour
Flag Design
Field ArmiesLeven 1643-4
Leslie 1644-5
Leslie 1650
Charles 1651

Covenanter Regiment of Horse raised for service in England, forming part of Leven’s army, later re-raised for the Third Civil War

Service History


  • September: Brown, Craig and Stewart raise troops of horse
  • November: Leslie commissioned Colonel, regiment raised in Stirling & Perthshire


  • January: Skirmish at Shieldfield Fort
  • April to July: Siege of York
  • 2nd July: Battle of Marston Moor
  • July: Siege of York
  • July: Quarter at Doncaster
  • August: Siege of Newcastle
  • September: Leslie leads 7 cavalry regiments and Frazer's dragoons to Cumbria
  • October to June 1645: Siege of Carlisle


  • March: Leslie ordered to support Brereton, then returns to Carlisle
  • June: Leslie accepts surrender of Carlisle
  • July to September: Siege of Hereford
  • August: Skirmish at Bewdley
  • August: Return to Scotland via Stourbridge, Uttoxeter, Ollerton, Rotherham, Northallerton, Newcastle & Berwick
  • 13th September: Battle of Philiphaugh - ~550 men
  • October: In Aberdeenshire, then ordered back to England
  • November to May 1646: Siege of Newark


  • May: Taking of Newark
  • Quarter in Durham or Northumberland


  • February: Disbanded at Kelso, though Leslie's Lifeguard and dragoon troops continue as part of the Scots New Model Army
  • May: Skirmish at Rhunahaorine Point



  • April: Re-raised in Lanarkshire


  • 3rd September: Battle of Dunbar - 3 troops


  • Assigned to Leslie's 1st Cavalry Brigade
  • September: Battle of Worcester


A history of the unit is shown in Edward M. Furgol’s A Regimental History of the Covenanting Armies 1639-1651 Edinburgh, 1990. ISBN 0 85976 194 0

In 1646 the regiment included Captain John Fergusson's troop equipped as dragoons. In 1647 Leslie's Lifeguard troop survived to enter the Scots New Model Army, as did Lieutenant Colonel Thomas Craig's troop. The dragoon troop also continued despite not being originally part of the establishment, authorised in February 1647. In 1648, with the engagers in the ascendant, Leslie's Lifeguard troop was added to Leven's Lifeguard and a new troop to form the Duke of Hamilton's regiment of horse, riding to defeat at Preston. Raised again as three troops in 1649, they served until final defeat at the Battle of Worcester.

Flags & Equipment

Notable Officers

Lists of the regiment's officers are shown in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 1. The Army of the Covenant 1639-1651 Partizan Press 1998 ISBN 094652550 and in Stuart Reid's Scots Armies of the 17th Century 2: Scots Colours Partizan Press 1988 ISBN 094652550 1

Major General David Leslie

David Leslie, not to be confused with Alexander Leslie, the Earl of Leven.

Captain Augustine Hoffman

Later notorious as 'Augustine the Mosser'


  • January 1646: 554 troopers in 10 troops
  • January 1646: 538 horse and 70 dragoons
  • 1647: 1 troop
  • 1649: 3 troops

See Also